Another problem with landmines is that although designed to slow enemy
troops' advance, in reality 9 out of every 10 casualties are civilian,
mostly after the war has finished.
I. Mines in the farm fields. For obvious reasons it is very difficult and sometimes fatal to cultivate these minefields. These conditions create malnutrition in nearby villages; the farmers fear being blown up; they would rather be safe than grow their crops. There is also a problem created in places without plumbing; people who are used to "doing their duties" out in the fields have to stay close to home, thus waste builds up, harboring many diseases.
II. Access to good water and firewood is blocked. This causes people to drink contaminated water infecting themselves with bacterial diarrhea, amoebiasis, giardiasis and other diseases. Also it is extremely dangerous for residents when the source of firewood is polluted with mines.
III. Mine injuries tax medical resources. Because landmine injuries
are usually critical, blood transfusions are often a necessity. In
a war tattered country the medical resources are very limited. Given these
circumstances, the first priority can not be blood cleanliness, so the
HIV virus and other blood transmitted diseases are free to roam.
IV. Roads coming in are mined. Many immunisation and health care teams which travel from area to area are often halted due to mined roads.