Bioplastic is made of plastic natural materials such as from plants . Bioplastics have tremendous benefits , such as reducing pollution and reducing waste . Bioplastic also recyclable and can be easily explained by natural , not like plastic made from chemicals . Bioplastic raw material for flour and oil is sourced from crops such as corn and sugar beet . Under certain conditions , most of bioplastic materials can decompose within 8 to 12 weeks . Bioplastic packaging already available in supermarkets in the UK , the Netherlands , Italy , and Austria . Plastics like this thrust level of oxygen and water vapor permeability is higher than traditional plastic so as to maintain the freshness of fruits and vegetables for three days longer .
Bioplastic is made of natural ingredients, do not use petroleum as their raw materials. bioplastic's raw material of example is corn, potatoes and other plants and even bamboo. Bioplastic also easy ways to make it, so we can make yourself at home.
Research and Development
- In the early 1950s, Amylomaize (>50% amylose content corn) was successfully bred and commercial bioplastics applications started to be explored.
- In 2004, NEC developed a flame retardant plastic, polylactic acid, without using toxic chemicals such as halogens and phosphorus compounds .
- In 2005, Fujitsu became one of the first technology companies to make personal computer cases from bioplastics, which are featured in their FMV-BIBLO NB80K line.
- In 2007 Braskem of Brazil announced it had developed a route to manufacture high density polyethylene (HDPE)
using ethylene derived from sugar cane.
- In 2008, a University of Warwick team created a soap-free emulsion polymerization process which makes colloid particles of polymer dispersed in water, and in a one step process adds nanometre sized silica-based particles to the mix. The newly developed technology might be most applicable to multi-layered biodegradable packaging, which could gain more robustness and water barrier characteristics through the addition of a nano-particle coating .
Consumption of Bioplastic
COPA (Committee of Agricultural Organisation in the European Union) and COGEGA (General Committee for the Agricultural Cooperation in the European Union) have made an assessment of the potential of bioplastics in different sectors of the European economy:
- Catering products: 450,000 tonnes per year
- Organic waste bags: 100,000 tonnes per year
- Biodegradable mulch foils: 130,000 tonnes per year
- Biodegradable foils for diapers 80,000 tonnes per year
- Diapers, 100% biodegradable: 240,000 tonnes per year
- Foil packaging: 400,000 tonnes per year
- Vegetable packaging: 400,000 tonnes per year
- Tyre components: 200,000 tonnes per year
In the years 2000 to 2008, worldwide consumption of biodegradable plastics based on starch, sugar, and cellulose - so far the three most important raw materials - has increased by 600 %. The European Bioplastics trade group predicted annual capacity would more than triple to 1.5 million tons by 2011. BCC Research forecasts the global market for biodegradable polymers to grow at a compound average growth rate of more than 17 percent through.
World Consumption of Plastic
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World Plastic Resin Consumption