Joseph Warren was born on June 11, 1741 in Roxbury, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard College in 1759 at the age of eighteen. He then became an exceptionally successful physician in Boston. Warren was one of the major leader of the patriotic movement along with Samuel Adams, James Otis and John Hancock. He delivered speeches on the first two anniversary of the Boston Massacre. He was responsible for gathering information on British strategies and sent Paul Revere and William Dawes galloping to Lexington and Concord to warn the colonists. Warren fought with others to drive the British back to Boston on April 19, 1775.
On June 14, 1775 was elected to the position of major general in command, yet he refused to take command of the Battle of Bunker Hill. As an alternative, he was a private under William Prescott. When the British's third charge overpowered the American army during the battle, Warren and thirty other men were killed. Abigail Adams wrote a letter to her husband John, who was in Philadelphia, that said, "Not all the havoc and devastation they have made has wounded me like the death of Warren. We want him in the Senate; we want him in his profession; we want him in the field. We mourn for the citizen, the senator, the physician, and the warrior." Joseph Warren died on June 17, 1775.