Most Common Injuries
Football has become the most popular collision sport in the United States. Football has
its share of unusualy and distinct injuries related to contact, although some injuries occur
without contact. The player's position may predispose his to different types of injury and may
affect return to participation. What may be a significant injury for one palyer might be a
minot inconvenience for another. During the past two decades, football equipment has
improved significantly. Padding, helmets, and shoulder pads are becoming lighter, more
durable, less restrictive, and more shock absorbing. These factor allow the game to be palyed
at a faster pace, which unfortunatley may make the athletes more susceptible to injury.
Artificial turf also has increased the speed of the game and affected the incidence of injury.
Getting to know your body's ability can enable you to prepare properly and get the most out out of every game while avoiding these
all to common injuries:
- Pulled muscle. (Known as strains, these injuries can limit or end participation and may be
caused by poor warm-up or fatique.)
- Sprains and/or strains of the foot. (Caused by training techniques and/or footwear.)
- Sprained knees and anlkes. (Caused by poor running surfaces)
- Hip and back pain. (Causes are most often complicated and serious.)
The following first aid should be used for almost all athletic injuries: pulled muscles,
sprained liagaments or broken bones. These guidelines should NOT be used instead of visting
- Rest- Stop using the injured bosy part the minute it is hurt. Use a sling, crutches or splint.
- Ice- The more blood that collects at the injury site the longer it will take to heal. Keep ice on
for 20 minutes per half hour for the first 24 to 72 hours. Place a damp towel or dressing between
the ice and skin.
- Compression- Wrap an elastic bandage firmly over the ice and around the injured body part. If
cramping or throbbing occurs, unwrap at once.
- Elevation- Raise the injured part above your heart.
The R.I.C.E. program should be used for the first 24 to 72 hours after injury.
When you should see a doctor?
You know your body best. If intuition tells you that something is wrong, see your doctor. If
you are in doubt, see your doctor.
- Pain. Pain is natures way of saying don't do something. When it speaks, listen.
- All joint injuries. All injuries to a joint or its ligaments should be examined by a physician.
If they are not treated quickly, these injuries can become more serious.
- Loss of function. If you cannot move an arm, leg, or any part of either, then you have lost function.
Pain and/or deformity may be present.
- Pain that lasts for more than two weeks. Persistent pain indicates something serious. If the degree
of pain is constant or slightly improved, see your doctor.
Regular stretching may also reduce injuries.
Keys to Proper Warm-up
- Before stretching do a few light exercises to increase the blood flow within muscles.
- Stretch-Examples of Stretching