Born: 1989, IBM
photo courtesy of IBM
Deep Blue is the strongest computer chess machine ever built. In tournament chess, the average time someone is given to think of their move is 3 minutes. In this short amount of time, Deep Blue is able to calculate over 50 billion moves. That's a lot of parallel processors. In 1996 Deep Blue challenged World Champion Garry Kasparov to a match, which Kasparov mangaged to win by a small margin. However, in 1997 after Deep Blue received some extra parallel processors, and a spiced up opening database, it was able to defeat Kasparov in the return match. This was quite an accomplishment for Deep Blue. No computer had ever before defeated a World Champion. What's more, Garry Kasparov had never lost a match before. The future is yet to come. Deep Blue was developed by IBM.