Heman Marion Sweatt lived in Houston, Texas. He was a mail carrier who wanted to be a lawyer. He applied to the University of Texas law school in 1946 and was rejected because of his race. He went to the NAACP for help and brought the case to the U.S. Supreme Court under Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson and the vote was nine to zero, in Sweatt’s favor. The decision of Sweatt v. Painter was made in joint with McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents of Higher Education.