by Elizabeth McCollough and Brenna Riley
Scotland is a division of the United Kingdom. In 1981, the population of Scotland was 5,217,146. The lowland area is highly settled, while the Highlands have a lower population. Scotland's natural resources include coal and zinc. Including islands, Scotland occupies about 30,414 square miles. English is the official language of Scotland, but some highlanders still speak Scottish Gaelic.
The Scotch were divided into three main groups: the "borderers," who made up only a small percent of the population and lived near the border of Scotland and England, the Highlanders, who lived in the northern, mountinous region, and the Lowlanders, who lived in the plateau area in central Scotland. The twolater groups were diverse in many ways, including physical appearance, ancestry, and culture. These divisions are still present today, but are generally insignificant.
The lowlanders were tall, red or flaxen-haired beings. They generally had blue eyes and light skin. These people were believed to be descended from Joseph, son of Jacob (Israel). Lowlanders were primarily of German origin. They were thought of as the common class of Scotland. Today, most Scotch people are descended from Lowlanders.
¥ The World Book Encyclopedia, Field Enterprises Educational Corporation.
¥ The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1995, Funk & Wagnalls Corporation.
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