Flora and fauna
· Tropical Forests
· Temperate Forests
· Sub-alpine forests
· Alpine scrubs
Why are these animals endangered?
How much money do the poachers make?
· Royal Chitwan National Park
· Royal Bardiya National Park
· Mt. Everest National Park
Langtang National Park
Rara National Park
· Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area
· Shey Phoksundo National Park
· Khaptad National Park
· Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserve
· Parsa Wildlife Reserve
· Royal Sukla Phant Wildlife Reserve
· Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
· Annapurna Area Conservation Project
· Corbett National Park
· Nanda Devi Sanctuary
· Nanda Devi
· Inner Sanctuary
· Outer Sanctuary
· Present day Scenario
· Kangchendzonga National Park
· Valley of Flowers
· Hemis National Park
· Pin Valley National Park
The climatic pattern of the upper part of the park is similar to the climate of Mount Everest National Park. However, this park also includes some area with subtropical forest towards the south. Therefore a wider variety of vegetation and animals are found here.
Some of the wild animals found in this park are red pandas, musk deer, black bears, langur monkeys, ghorals, Himalayan thars and snow leopards.
This park also includes more than 40 villages which are totally dependent on the forest for wood and pastureland.
Rara National Park
The Rara National Park was founded in 1975 by H.M. Nepal Government for the conservation and protection of the beautiful forest environment. It has scope for being developed as a good tourist resort in the backward and under-developed part of Western Nepal. Rara is one of the four National Parks of Nepal, spread out over 44 square kilometers.
This park is named after a lake called Rara. This is one the biggest lakes in Nepal, covering an area of about 15 square kilometers at an elevation of 2,990 m ( 9,717 ft). The Rara Lake, formed on a plateau, is surrounded by beautiful forests of pine and fir. Exotic birds and rare wildlife can be seen in this protected area. The bow-shaped lake is surrounded by gently rolling mountains on all sides.
Originally, the Karnali River used to flow through this area. But due to some geological disturbance, the river passage got blocked and the lake must have been formed. This sweet-water lake is said to be 145 meters deep at the center and has a few streams flowing into it. It has only a very small outlet of water to the west. The National Park is administered by the park warden along with foresters, forest guards, and platoons of the Royal Nepalese Army. Park authorities zealously protect the flora and fauna and strict control is exercised to stop the grazing cattle menace.
The late King Mahendra, the predecessor of the present monarch, was very fond of this place and would camp for many days in the serene and awe-inspiring surroundings of the beautiful lake. He composed many beautiful poems while camping near this lake. On all sides, the lake is surrounded by gentle slopes covered with beautiful pine and fir forests, alpine flowers like potentillas, irises, geraniums, lilies of the valley, daisies, sweet peas, yellow dwarf chrysanthemums, phlox and nasturnums.
The lake is full of trout fish from 14 to 18" long. The trout fish are said to be slow and numbed by the cold water, and fishing is done in a novel way -- by means of spears.
The number of wild animals like deer, wild dogs, foxes, jackals, wild boars, bears, various types of jungle fowls, birds and vultures are said to be on the increase.
On the eastern side, there is a short takeoff and landing strip for small aircraft.
The Rara National Park was established to protect the unique beauty of the lake and to preserve the surrounding ecosystem. The lake is the home of water birds found in this area. This park has Himalayan bears, Himalayan thar, musk deer and snow leopards.
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