How To Be
Metaphor: A comparison whereby one thing is said to be another without using the terms "like" or "as ". Eg: 'The beach was a golden fruit'.
Personification: Giving a non-living object living qualities. Eg: 'the engine was a tiger straining to break free'.
Simile: A comparison of two oblects, introdeced using the term "like" or "as".................. Eg: 'The wind is as cold as snow'.
Climax: The climax is the most important or striking part of a piece of writing that is usually built up to.
Inversion: A change in the natural order of words. Eg: 'They shall grow not old'.
Sarcasm: A bitter, taunting, ironic remark. Eg 'You'r clever aren't you'.
Paradox: An apparent contradiction. Eg: 'The child is father to the man'.
Theme: An underlying meaning that the writer states and implies.
Tone: The feelings the writer has to his/her subject.
Structure: How the writer has organised his ideas.
Style: The way in which the author has written his/her choice of words and sentences.
FORMS OF WRITING
Autobiography: Gives details of the authors life.
Biography: Gives details of another persons life.
Novel: A longish work that shows development of a character and plot.
Setting out a story
When writing a story there are a few steps involved;
* The Begining: Many writers say they feel like this before they start writing, beginings can be the hardest part of writing.
* Try a practice start, put down all your first ideas (brainstorm), don't worry about the spelling or order of the ideas.
* Start with a simple, striking title: a short title (1-2 words) that has a strong meaning.
* Follow with a general statement on what you are writing about.
* Set the scene. EG: When I was walking to the shops....
* Start dramaticaly. EG: "Bang", Sally...
* Then use a few words that create a special atmosphere of expectation EG:
1) It was a dark, stormy night.......
2) Deep in the dark, haunted woods.......
* Endings are important as they are the last words and thoughts that the reader is left with. Endings can be neatly finished off, EG:
1) ..... and they lived happily ever after.
2) ..... they looked back to the lake as they left for home.