Causes of World Hunger
Causes of Hunger
Hunger is one of the most complicated issue and problem the world is facing now, but to solve this problem we should know what are the causes to solve.
According to Mr. Marc J. Cohen and Don Reeves there are 6 causes of hunger and the first one is poverty and powerlessness. Poverty and powerlessness means being incapable of accessing to resources and purchasing power. Worldwide, almost one-third of the population in developing countries poor, making poverty and powerlessness one of the main causes of hunger, and rises to 70 to 80 percent when Sub-Saharan Africa’s population is included. Poor national economic performance is not only the cause to blame why there is poverty but another cause is unequal distribution of income making poor people unable to fight for themselves against hunger no exceptions even if it’s a democratic or dictatorial government.
The second cause is population, consumption, and the environment. When there is overpopulation occurring there might be a food shortage meaning there are not enough food resources to supply the whole population of the world. The world’s population is expected to grow up to 7.6 billion on 2020 according to www.about.com.
The next one is violence and militarism. Continuing civil strife can cause food supplies to be plundered and used as instruments of war, stops food production and marketing and disturbs crop cycles.
The fourth cause is racism and ethnocentrism. Black populations is often discriminated by the whites like in those Indians in Latin America, Kurds in Iraq, Tamils in Sri Lanka and most often in South Africa and Americas. This racial discrimination of the blacks results not only in deprivation but also causes hunger and malnutrition having competition with ethnic groups.
Causes of Hunger p2
Universally, women’s get paid for about 30 to 40 percent lower on the average pay rates for an equivalent or same work as men’s do meaning there is inequality between those two genders called gender discrimination. A woman gives birth and takes care of a child. If they don’t meet their needs because of this inequality, it can result to malnutrition which gives a negative effect on the progress of the child.
Deficiencies to vitamins and minerals which results to the last cause which is vulnerability of children and elderly people. Lack of enough energy causes malnutrition to childhood which last for a lifetime and elderly people are getting less care from their family which causes hunger and also an uneven progress of the world.
Causes Of Hunger p3
The following are causes of hunger based on http://www.globalissues.org/article/7/causes-of-hunger-are-related-to-poverty
* Land rights and ownership
* Diversion of land use to non-productive use
* Increasing emphasis on export-oriented agriculture
* Inefficient agricultural practices
* Poor crop yield
* Lack of democracy and rights