Asthanga haridyam samitha
ASHTANG HARIDYAM BOOK
The Ashtānga Hridayam is a classical book of Ayurveda and is regarded as highly among Ayurvedic physicians as the normative Charaka and Sushruta. The Ashtang Hridayam was compiled by the Vagbhatta-I. The period of the compilation is said to be between 250 and 500 B.C.
The combination of Charaka, Shushruta and Vagbhatta results in Brahatrayi. Ashtang Hridaya is a combination of Surgery and Medicine.
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Astanga Hridaya is accepted as the third major treatise on ayurveda. Around 500 AD, Vagbhatt compiled this samhita. It contained knowledge comprising the two schools of ayurveda—the school of surgery and the school of physicians.
There is another similar work called the Astanga Sangraha belonging to the same period. It is slightly bigger in size than the Astanga Hridaya, and is written in verse form whereas the later text was in prose form. It is believed either there are two works by a person or two persons with the same name. However, both the works came into being after the Charaka and Susruta Samhitas.
The Astanga Hridaya primarily deals with kayachikitsa besides, discussing in detail about various surgical treatments. The kapha subtypes are first listed and described in this samhita, completing exhaustive explanation of vata, pitta, kapha with their five subtypes.
Astanga Hridaya seems to emphasize on the physiological aspect of the body rather than the spiritual aspects of it like its counterparts—Charaka and Susruta Samhitas. Despite that, the quality and range of its discussions about ayurveda makes it a work to reckon with.