A Great Leader
Brief biography of John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May of 1917, Brookline Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard University in 1940 and he entered the Navy. He became a Democratic Congressman from the Boston area. In 1953 he married Jacqueline Bouvier. Two years later while he was in recovery from a back injury Kennedy wrote the novel Profiles in Courage which won the Pulitzer Prize in the history. In 1956 Kennedy almost gained the Democratic nomination for Vice President and four years later he was a first-ballot nominee for President. Millions of American citizens watched Kennedy's debates against Republican candidate Richard M. Nixon. Kennedy became the first Roman Catholic President of America. In his Inaugural Address he says a historical comment “Ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country.” As President, he set out to redeem his campaign pledge to get America moving again.
A Great Leader
Did you know that after Eisenhower's presidency, John F. Kennedy ruled America and the whole world. He is one of the most great leader of US. In his inaugural speech he said a historical comment that people can't forget, "Ask not what your country can do for you- but rather -ask what you can do for your country." He wished America to resume its old mission as the first nation dedicated to the revolution of human rights. And make America once again a productive nation. Did you know that he is the only president of US who won the Pulitzer Prize because of the book "Profiles in Courage" attributed to him.
But after his good presidency, his life came to death. On November 22, 1963 when he was already past his first one thousand days in office, he was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald when they went to Dallas,Texas. An estimated 2 million people attended the burial of John F. Kennedy. Her wife, Jacqueline Kennedy requested an eternal flame for his gravesite.
John F. Kennedy's Presidency
Bay of Pigs Invasion
The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful attempt by a U.S.-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba and to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro. Cuban Prime Minister José Miró Cardona was chosen by John F. Kennedy to lead the planned provisional government. The plan was started on April 1961, less than three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis was an argument between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the Cold War. In Russia, it is termed the "Caribbean Crisis”, while in Cuba it is called the "October Crisis." The crisis ranks with the Berlin Blockade as one of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to a nuclear war. The Americans feared the Soviet expansion of communism and socialism. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy engaged Operation Mongoose, a series of covert operations against Castro's government. They were unsuccessful. More overtly, in February 1962, the United States launched an economic embargo against Cuba.
The Building of the Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was a physical barrier separating West Berlin from the German Democratic Republic (GDR) (East Germany), including East Berlin. The longer inner German border demarcated the border between East and West Germany. Both borders came to symbolize the Iron Curtain between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.
The Space Race was an informal competition between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War to see who could make the furthest advancements into space first. It involved the efforts to explore outer space with artificial satellites, to send humans into space, and to land them on the Moon.
The African American Civil Rights Movement
The African-American Civil Rights Movement refers to the reform movements in the United States that aimed to eliminate the racial discrimination against African Americans and restoring Suffrage in Southern states. By 1966, the emergence of the Black Power Movement, which lasted roughly from 1966 to 1975, enlarged the aims of the Civil Rights Movement to include racial dignity, economic and political, self-sufficiency, and freedom from oppression by whites.
The Vietnam War occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia from 1959 to April 30, 1975. The war was fought between the communist North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam. The Vietcong, the lightly armed South Vietnamese communist insurgency, largely fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment.
Latin America Communism
The Cold War marked the post-World War II conflict between capitalism and communism marked through the United States and the USSR. President Kennedy's term proved to be the most unstable period of the Cold War, marked with both the blunder at the Bay of Pigs and the relative success during the Cuban Missile Crisis. The crisis epitomizes the Cold War; it resulted from the competitive arms race, illustrates each country's diplomatic tactic and possibly foretells American victory.
It is one of his first presidential acts, He asked the Congress to create the Peace Corps. Through this program, Americans volunteer to help underdeveloped nations in areas such as education, farming, health care and construction.