Batik is derived from Javanese language “amba” which means to write
and “dots”. Batik is a process of coloring by the means of Rintang
Dying Technique, which means the color substance absorbed by the
cloth occupied by materials or tools so that it forms
Gawangan is a tool to hang and unfold mori when the patterns are put
into the batik cloth. This gawangan is made of wood or bamboo.
Gawangan should be made as well so that it is easily portable, but
it has to be strong and light.
Bandul is made of tin, wood or
stone in a case. The main function of this bandul is to hold the
mori who has just been painted in order to keep it stand and not
easily be blown up by wind, or by the pull of the batik artist
Wok is a tool to heat the “malam” (wax). The wok is made of metal
steel or clay. This wok should have a handle so that it is easy to
lift and put in from the stove without using other tools.
5. KOMPOR / ANGLO
Stove is a tool to make fire. The most commonly used stove is stove
with the fuels of gasoline.
6. TABLE CLOTH
Table cloth is a cloth to cover the
lap of the artist so that he will not get touched of the hot wax
when canting is blown, or when the patterns are applied in to the
7. WAX FILTER
Filter is a tool to filter the hot
wax which has a lot of dirt. If the wax is filtered, then the dirt
can be wasted so that it does not distract the wax on the cucuk
canting when it is used.
Canting is a tool used to move or take the liquid. Canting for Batik
is a small tool made of chopper and bamboo as the handle. This
canting is used to put in the pattern of batik with the wax liquid.
Before plastic materials are used as kitchen supplies, canting made
of coconut shell has been used as one of kitchen tools as a scoop.
In the recent era, canting of coconut shell has been rarely used
because it is replaced by another material such as plastic. The
canting for batik has also been replaced with Teflon.
Mori is a raw material from cotton.
The quality of mori varies and the types determine the good or bad
batik cloth produced. The needed mori is adjusted based
on its length desired. The measurement of its length is not usually
based on the definite standard, but on the traditional measurement.
It is called “kacu”. Kacu is a handkerchief usually in the square
form. What is the so-called “sekacu” is the square size of the mori,
taken from the width of the mori. So the length of sekacu of a type
of mori will be different with the length of sekacu from other types
10. WAX (“MALAM”)
Wax or “malam” is a material used in making Batik. Actually, the wax
is not finished (gone) because finally it is re-taken on the process
of mbabar, the process of working starting from putting in the
pattern of batik until the batik becomes the cloth. The used wax in
the making of batik is different with the usual wax. The wax in
batik is easily porous on the cloth but it is easily loosen in the
process of removing.