The Scottish kilt is a traditional male dress and was not considered a national traditional costume until the 19th century when the Scotland Lowlaners finally embraced the Scottish kilt.
Before the late 17th century, the kilt was known as the great kilt, a full body clothing where the top half could be worn as a cloak either over the shoulder or covering the head. Thereafter, only the lower half of the great kilt remained, which is what we now see. It is also known as the small kilt or walking kilt.
The Scottish kilt is worn at the waist level, by making two clockwise loops starting and ending at the left side of the body. The kilt is tightly wrapped to the body with a strap that first goes through a slit and then is buckled. It is made of woolen cloth and has checkered tartan patterns, known as setts.