Goaltender: The goaltender is the last line of defense, and must block incoming shots.
Defenseman: The defenseman has to prevent the opposing team from getting close to the net. They have to block shots, break up passes, and cover the other team’s forwards.
Centre:He leads the offence on the opponents net and passes to the wingmen to try and advance on the net.
Wingman: They try to set up shots on the net and try to break their opponent’s plays.
Referee: The referee calls penalties, does face:offs at center ice, and determines if goals are scored.
Linesman: There are two linesmen. The linesman handles all face:offs not occurring on center ice. They call offside, offside pass, and can recommend penalties, but not call them.
Goal Judges: There is one behind each net and can make recommendations to the referee but the referee has the final decision.
Official Scorer: The official scorer credits goals and assists and in this matter he can over rule the referee.
Offside: When a member of your team goes over the blue line before you and the puck.
Offside Pass: When one player passes the puck to another player from his defending zone past the centre red line.
Icing: When any player shoots the puck past the centre red line and past the opposing team's red goal line.
Icing will not be called in these circumstances: If the player's teammate touches it before a player from the other team does,
if the team is killing a penalty, if the puck travels through the crease, or if the goaltender touches the puck before it travels across the red goal line.
Minor Penalty: 2 min. and covers most penalties.
Major Penalty: 5 min. minor penalties that have the intent to injure, or fighting.
Misconduct: 10 min. 2 major penalties and a substitute is allowed.
Penalty Shot: A shot that a player can take on the net without any opposition except for the goaltender.
Delayed Penalty: Play is not stopped until the team with the penalty regains control of the puck.
Note: If a penalty is called and the penalized team has less than two players, play is suspended until the first penalty ends.
Note: If a goaltender receives a penalty one of the players must take his place.
Boarding : When a player causes another player to hit the boards violently
Charging : When a player charges another player
Cross:Checking : When a player delivers a check and his stick is not on the ice and is in both of the his hands
Elbowing : When a player uses his elbow to fowl another player
High:Sticking : When a player holds his stick above his waist and causes another player harm
Holding : When a player holds an opponent
Hooking : When a player uses his stick (which is hook-shaped) to “hook” an opponent
Interference : When a player slows down another player without the puck
Misconduct : When a player is doing misconduct (Example: Abusive language)(When a player gets two major penalties)
Roughing : When a player is using unnecessary roughness
Slashing : When a player slashes another player with his stick
Spearing : When a player stabs another player with his stick
Tripping : When a player trips another player
Washout : No offsides of icings will be called.