The Students Islamic Movement of India is an Islamic Student organization that was formed in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, in April 1977. The stated mission of SIMI is the ‘liberation of India’ from Western materialistic cultural influence and to convert it Muslim society to live according to Muslim code of conduct. This organization is believed by many, including the Government of India, to be involved in terrorism.
SIMI has been banned by the Indian Government in 2002 for its involvement in Islamic terror manaces in India, and its been labelled a Terrorist organisation by both India and the US. In August 2008, a special tribunal lifted the ban on SIMI. The ban was subsequently reinstated by the Supreme Court of India on the 6th of August, 2008.Fears exist in Government circles that SIMI has been penetrated by Al-Qaeda.
It is suspected that SIMI is now also operating under the name of Indian Mujahideen, an outfit that has taken responsibility for the 2008 Ahmedabad blasts, Jaipur blasts and 2008 Delhi blasts. Indian Mujahideen has taken responsibility of several terrorist acts in India and communicates with the Indian media under the pseudonyms of Al-Arbi and Al-Hindi.SIMI's founding president was Mohammad Ahmadullah Siddiqi, now professor of Journalism and Public Relations at Western Illinois University in Macomb, IL. SIMI originally emerged as a student wing of the Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (JIH). Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, it stood for radical social change in India and the waging of Jihad in India, an approach not appreciated by the leadership of the JIH.SIMI has been influenced by Deobandi Islam which is a Muslim revivalist movement that started in India in 1879.