There have been many terrorist bombings in Mumbai since 13 co-ordinated bomb explosions killed 257 people and injured 700 on 12 March 1993. The 1993 attacks are believed to have been arranged by wanted criminal Dawood Ibrahim in retaliation for the Babri Mosque demolition. On 6 December 2002, a bomb placed under a seat of an empty BEST (Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport) bus exploded near Ghatkopar station in Mumbai, killing two people and injuring 28.The bombing occurred on the tenth anniversary of the demolition of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya. A bomb placed on a bicycle exploded near the Vile Parle station in Mumbai, killing one person and injuring 25 on 27 January 2003, a day before the visit of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee of India to the city.
On 13 March 2003, a day after the tenth anniversary of the 1993 Bombay bombings, a bomb exploded in a train compartment as the train was entering the Mulund station in Mumbai, killing 10 people and injuring 70 On 28 July 2003 a bomb placed under a seat of a BEST bus exploded in Ghatkopar, killing 4 people and injuring 32.On 25 August 2003 two bombs exploded in South Mumbai, one near the Gateway of India and the other at Zaveri Bazaar in Kalbadevi. At least 44 people were killed and 150 injured.