At the end of the eighteenth century was a movement against the rationalism that drove the Renaissance, this movement known as Romanticism, started in the UK and Germany in the beginning and then spread to other parts of the world. The idea was to place the romantic feelings over reason, breaking the rules established for writing and creating its own style by contrasting elements.
The romantics are in a continual quest for freedom; constantly rethinking life and the man himself, resulting in many ways of projecting human beings according to the area and country.
Romanticism comes from the word "roman" or "romance", which means “novel”, it is considered that the english expression "romantic" is used as a reference to a type of literary work with elements of fiction and fantasy.
In 1789 the French Revolution gave a sense of freedom and equality. Wars and
invasion of the colonies turned people into nationalist, impregnating the literature with customs of each country. In 1800 came the well-known Industrial Revolution
where the machine begins to displace the man, with the use of less human work and speed that machines gave.
Because of advances in printing there was a large production in the publishing industry, which resulted in a mass production of pamphlets, books and newspapers. Thanks to the interest of the people in reading, the work were fragmented for publication in magazines and daily newspapers.