Madagascar contains many rare and exotic plants and animals. It is an extremely diverse area, where new species are constantly being discovered. This is because it has been separated from the rest of the world for a very long time, allowing for a lot of diverse environments. Madagascar contains over 9,000 species of plants that occur nowhere else in the world.
The tropical dry forests of Madagascar are some of the most valuable forests in the world. They are home to many endangered species, even though the dry season can last up to eight months. Many interesting adaptations to the lack of water can be found here.
There are also many forests in Madagascar that receive plenty of rainfall. These broadleaf forests cover most of eastern Madagascar.
Mangrove forests cover almost the entire west coast of Madagascar. They contain many endangered species, including the rare Madagascar fish eagle.