To understand how color perception is affected by surroundings, it’s very important to understand color characteristics like hue, saturation and brightness. Illusions are very finicky things for researchers, so there are lots and lots of experimental procedures that are used to test hypotheses on color perceptions. Most of these experiments are carried out time and time again until we’re sure the results are not merely coincidental.
Color perception illusions are based on three basic principles, all of which have been tested by laboratory researchers and scientists.
First, if a color is placed on a background that is part of its spectrum, the color won’t show a change in hue, but its brightness and saturation will visibly decrease, making it look duller.
Secondly, if a color is placed on a background color that is either complementary to it, the opposite effect will occur: the hue will remain the same, again, but the brightness and saturation will become much more accented.
The third rule states that a color placed on a background that is neither complementary to it or part of its spectrum, the color will appear to change its hue to a large extent; with saturation and brightness remaining more or less constant.
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