The Phoenicians were a major civilization around 1550 to 300 B.C.E. They were very advanced compared to other civilizations.They were the only civilizations with an alphabet and were the highest sea power at that time. Phoenicia is also called Canaan and is located around Lebanon. They used the Mediterranean sea to trade and explore. They were the first to rule the sea.
The Phoenicians were very advanced and old. Some people thought that the Phoenicians had created Stonehenge. They thought that the Phoenicians used Stonehenge for an astronomical calender.