Key Factors of the Italian Renaissance
The Fall of the Renaissance
Even though the Renaissance was a great success, it slowly started to fade. Spain and France started to fight over portions of Italy. Soon enough, Pope Clement VII had to make the decision of who would receive the land. Some say that he would change his mind several times in an hour. After impatiently waiting for a while, Charles V of Spain could not tolerate the Pope’s frequent mind-changing. He decided to forget the Pope and start war on his land, regardless of his decision. Later, 22,000 Spaniards, Italians, and Germans fought during the winter of 1526 until 1527. The rest of the army (Italians and Germans) moved south while the Spanish discussed a payment that Pope Clement VII had to pay to Rome before the empire fell. The Pope, being a poor negotiator, refused to pay it, which caused the Spanish and Romans to later attack, leaving Italy in their hands. Once the government was overcome by them, around 1550, they established the city of Bologna. They also set free Venice and Florence. Under the rule of the French, Spanish, and Germans, Italy stopped flourishing. Because of high taxes, Italy’s wealth and market cut back, which left many unable to make new discoveries and create new ideas like before. In 1517, the church became weaker due to the Protest Reformation. By 1550, the Renaissance eventually died in Italy, but moved to the North. This left Italy in a state of dark depression, known as the Dark Ages.
Many different people, including scholars, have various opinions on the main purpose and advancement --the legacy--of the Renaissance. Philosophers think that the new philosophies and ideas were the key, but mathematicians may think that new math theories were the most important. Aside from these views, most people believe that this time was the rebirth of old beliefs and thoughts and inspiration for new discoveries. The majority of things that were invented are now the basis of our modern-day beliefs and systems. An example of this is the Pythagorean Theorem, created by Pythagoras, which we use in present mathematics. Today’s churches also have stained-glass windows with lead frames that were invented during the Renaissance. This brings us to Christianity, the major religion during this period in history and now the world. Architecture used by princes and aristocrats are still used today. Education during the Renaissance was based on respect for past civilizations and their advancements. This was the basis of education up until the 20th century. Humanists studied the ancient and new texts and found many significant differences: the new one had more information than before, which included more ideas about science and mathematics. Similarities between the two texts were that both time periods were eager for new ideas and ready to learn new things every day. This thirst for knowledge was found mostly in 15th to 16th century culture. Greece and Rome were also fascinated and inspired by Italy’s advancement in thoughts. Through the ancient texts, Italians could start their golden age; an age of brilliance, advancements, and discoveries that would inspire later cultures to flourish as they did.