Quis est, quod ibi homo vult dolere luctuosa et tragica, quae tamen pati ipse nollet.
Tourist is essentially a person who tries to escape from the every day pressure, tension and routine work, by deciding to go on a holiday .Some like to go to the remote places, deep inside the mountains or jungles, other prefer to visit a religious place or a well known pilgrimage .Still others choose sea side resorts or a city full of historical monuments.
India is a blessed country .It is a virtual tourist’s paradise. It has lofty mountains, vast deserts and sea shores, dense forests and river valleys. It also has a 2000 years old historical heritage reflected in its forts, temples as ancient ruins. India is a virtual treasure house of different classical and folks art forms, viz. Dances, theatre, paintings , sculpture ,pottery, poetry ,ornaments ,dress materials, food, , customs and traditional languages ,scripts ,and scriptures and literature ,both written and spoken .This gives a tourist unlimited options to choose from.
Although the concept of tourism, as an industry never developed systematically in India, sporadic individual efforts and the ad-hoc approach taken by the government have led to stilted development of this industry and its infrastructure.
THE realization that India has vast tourist potential and right ingredients for the development of a nourishing industry is of a recent origin.The impetus currently being given to tourism has already borne fruits .The gradually enlarging tourist has helped in creating a climate favorable to tourism in India.
More and more efficient facilities for tourist in terms of accommodation, recreation, transport, shopping and development of new tourist spots is the need of the hour. Maintenance and preservation of our archaeological monuments and sample of our ancient art on paper, fabric, ceramic, wood and metal for generating tourists and scholar interests should go hand in hand.
Care should also be taken to develop other characteristics of Indian cultures, like hospitality, etc. So that tourist who are not interested in five star India ,and who wish to see India at close quarters get an opportunity to do so .
There is also another category of tourists – the domestic tourist .Tourist of this kind generally takes their family on holidays to other country. It is not unusual for them to travel in large groups or prefer packages tours. Not only are they budget conscious, they also look for bargains and costs effectiveness in transportation, accommodation, food and other amenities .Since domestic tourism is important for any country ,it is of paramount importance to develop low cost facilities for the promotion of tourism.
Tourism today is rapidly growing industry of the world. To ignore such a goose who lays golden eggs would be committing folly of the gravest kind.
Shah jahan has been rightly called the “Prince among builders”. He adorned main cities of India like Agra, Delhi, Lahore wiyh grand edifices, palaces, mosques , forts and beautiful gardens. He built the city of Shahjehanabad and adorned with various buildings. The Red fort and the Jama Masjid are , however , yhr most important. Of all the structures erected by Shah jahan, ther e is none that can be compared with the Taj mahal at Agra. It was built by the emperor in memory of his belovedwife Mumtazmahal on the bank of the river Yamuna. It is well conceived and well executed. Yhere is perfact harmony in all its parts. The gateway, the central dome , yhe elegant minarets , yhe lovely gardens and the fine inlay-work are some of its special features. In iew of its exquisite beauty , it has been described as a ‘drem in marble’ and ‘treasure in beauty’. The Taj is most beautiful of all the structures built by Shah Jahan.Because of its exceptional beauty , the Taj is considered to be one of the seven wonders of the world
The qutab minar which stands at delhi was built by the delhi sultan. Qutab-ud-Din Aibak began the construction of Qutab minar at Delhi towards the end of the 12th century when he was still a viceroy at delhi. Through began by Qutab-ud-Din aAibark, it was completed by Iltutmish. It is the highest tower in india. It is a circular tower and is 72 metres high. The diameter of its ase is 14 metres while that of its submit is 3.5 metres. Its boldly jutting balconies, alternate angular and rounded turns, fine Arabic inscriptions and contrast of white marble and red stoneof which it built, have given it a beauty which attracts tourists from IUndia and abroad. Grey quartzite, red sand stone and marble wereused to construct this tower. This is a great difference of opinion as to the purpose of its construction. Some believe that it was built as a part of the nearby Quwat-ul-Islam mosque to summon the faithful to the prayer while most of authors believe that it was built as aVictory Tower to commemorate the victory of the Muslims over the Rajputs.
only 75 kms from Bodhgaya, rajgir is scared to the memory of the founders of both Buddhism and Jainism. Rajgir today has vestiges of a legendary and historical remains like the cyclopean wall and marks engraved in the rocks.
Founded in the 5th century A.D.,Nalanda is known as the ancientseat of learning. World's most ancient Universities lies in ruins which is 87 kms from Bodhgaya and 90 kms south of Patna. Empwror Ashoka built many monastries, temples and viharas here.
bodhgaya is one of the sacred places for the Buddhists as well as for the Hindus. here under the Bodhi tree, Gautama attained supreme knowledge to become Buddha, the 'Enlighted one'. (budha once lived here)
pawapuri is a famous place of pilgrimage for the jain's for it was here that lord Mahavira, the great Jain lord 24th and to last Trthankara, attained parnivana in 490 B.C.
baidyanath dham situated in the santhal praganas of Bihar, is a very important plgrim centre. It's famous for the hindus for the temple of Shiva - Baidyanath and the place is a popular
LIGARAJ TEMPLE, BHUBNESWAR
the towring lingaraj temple in bhubneswar represents the Orissan temple architecture. the present temple was built by King Lalatendu Keshari in the 11th century A.D. it is 55m hieght inside its expansive presincts are around 150 subsidiary shrines.
STONE CHARIOT WHEEL
The sun temple was constructed as Chariot of sun God. 24 wheels have fixed to the platform. each wheel is 9'9" in diametre have been 8 spokes. the entire wheel is full of fine art works. the 24 wheels signifies 24 hours and the 8 spokes signify 8 prahars(three hour periods) of a day.
The sun temple, Konark
the present sun temple Konark s known as the Black pagoda. it is 36km puri by road only. the present sun templke build by the king Langula narsingha deva in 13th century A.D with help of 1200 architects in 12 years time and at 12 years State revenue, in the form of chariot of Sun god. the height of this temple is 228 feet. the temple is fitted with 24 wheels and seven horses. its architecture and sculptures is a sheer poetry in stone. the bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore was so moved by its beauty that he said, "here the language.
NORTH INDIAN TEMPLES
As in southern India,several styles of temples architecture developed in northern India.
Some of the most magnificent temples were built in Orissa. The Lingaraja temple of Bhubaneshwar is located in an extensive area, with a number of subsidiary shrines. The spire of the lingaraja temple is about 40 metres high and is very impressive. The immense spire is curved and has a rounded top.