The great Dandi march
"Freedom is my birth right and i will have it" Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
Tilak was one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress. He was a lover of tradition, who wanted India to keep its ageold religious customs.In 1893, he had revived the birthday festival for Gaesh, the elephant headed Hindu god. He used these festivals to spread nationalist ideas among the people.In his speaches he called for swaraj meaning freedom. He encouraged people not to buy British goods, and to rely on their own strength to win freedom.
Massacre at Amritsar
A huge crowd of people had gathered on a piece of waste ground where they were packed tightly together. A few men had climbed onto a pile of rubble and now began to make speeches. Many Indians had died fighting for the British during the war. This waste ground was called the Jallianwalla bagh and it was surrounded by houses. On April 13th 1919 it was packed with people. Ninty soldiers marched towards them pointing their rifles at the crowd.The soldiers opened fire on General Dyers command and for six terrible minutes they fired into the helpless crowd. 400 men,women and children laydead. many wounded.The countries people were deeply shocked by the bloodshed. Now it is clear that the people would have to fight for thier independence.
Freedom at midnight
At the storke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. these were the words of Jawaharlal Nehru to the constituent assembly on the night of august 14h 1947. He was sworn in by Lord Mount batten as Indias prime minister. As the midnight came and bells chimed, a fanfare of conch shells boomed out. A choir began to sing the patriotic song. ' Vande mataram'. the national flag was unfurled for the first time. At its centre was the wheel of Ashoka. After about 200 years of colonial rule the British were leaving India. Battalions of British soldiers handed over their duties to the new independent Indian army and marched away form the land they had once dominated. the last battalion sailed from mumbai on february 28th 1948
The quit india movement
The congress aimed to start a non-violent mass struggle on 9 august 1942. But on the mornig of 9 august gandhi and other leaders were arrested. Hartals and protests started everywhere. the people started attacking.