Road traffic safety deals exclusively with road traffic
crashes – how to reduce their number and their
consequences. A road traffic crash is an event
involving a road vehicle that results in harm. For
reasons of clear data collection, only harm involving a
road vehicle is included. A person tripping with fatal
consequences on a public road is not included as a
road-traffic fatality. To be counted a pedestrian
fatality, the victim must be struck by a road vehicle.
One method is to post special safety signage on the most
Broadly road accidents occur due to the following 4
Defects in vehicle e.g. breakage of tie rod of a
running vehicle tyre bursting, wheel coming loose or
failure of brakes. Due to such occurrence the driver
loses control on the vehicle and an
of driver e.g. overtaking at a wrong place, turning
abruptly or stopping without prior signaling, which
can cause collision with the vehicle following;
driving fast through villages exceeding the speed
limit; falling asleep at the wheel, overturning due to
going round a curve at excessive speed, driving while
Environment around the road e.g. error of drivers of
other vehicles like bullock carts, cycles, rickshaw,
jay walking, pedestrians, school children being run
over, cattle or dogs etc. running onto roads.
4) Defects in roads: A study of accidents registered
with the police shows that the number of accidents due
to this reason is around 10% of total accidents. Even
allowing for some errors in analysis of reasons for
accidents, the figure will not exceed 20%.
While driving, the drivers should exhibit the
traditional Indian courtesy and observe the principle
of "after you" so that the possible collisions at road
junctions and narrow parts of the road will be
It is totally wrong to lose one's life or suffer
injury or damage due to the mistake of other foolish
and negligent drivers. It is still more wrong to try
to teach him a lesson from your moving vehicle.
Defensive driving is the best policy.
One should never overtake on a left-hand curve because
one cannot see the vehicle coming in the opposite
direction at such spot.
One should never leave one's lane while taking a right
hand turn, particularly if such a turn is blind. One
should always keep left and should never ever go into
the right side lane.
At every junction, while entering a bigger road from a
smaller road, one should come to a dead stop and after
making sure of clear road, one should proceed ahead.
One should pay particular attention to road signboards
and more so the speed limit boards and obey them.
The speed of the vehicle should depend on the distance
up to which the road ahead can be seen, Lesser this
distance the lesser should be the speed.
Whenever one gets an opportunity one should check the
reflectors and red lights at the rear of one's
vehicles and ensure that they are in tact and clean.