In prehistoric times the art of wall painting emerged in India. There are prehistoric paintings in the caves of Bhimbetka and Pachmari showing scenes of hunting,farming and dancing using black or mud color.
These wal l paintings were used for two purposes decorsting homes and comforting deities.
Ajanta is famous for the wall paintings on Buddha.
Deity Wall Paintings
In Madhya Pradesh the Bhils and Bhilala tribes paint myths on the walls related to creation called Pithora paintings. Objects of daily life, horses, elephants, tigers, birds, gods, men etc are painted in bright multicolored hues.
Mandana are auspicious wall paintings of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh which is meant to protect the home and fireplace as well as to welcome gods into the house. Walls are plastered with Mud & Cowdung and then painted white. Symbols like Swastika, the Sun or tree of life in black and red are painted by the house hold women.
In Bihar, walls and floors are traditionally painted to invoke divine protection. Newly harvested rice is used to daubed scenes from Hindu epics, fertility symbols, auspicious birds and beasts.