Vedas and Indian Music
The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of
scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas.
The Samaveda, one of the four Vedas, describes music at length. The
Samaveda was created out of Rigveda so that its hymns could be sung as
Samagana; this style evolved into jatis and eventually into ragas. Indian
classical music has its origins as a meditation tool for attaining self
realization. All different forms of these melodies (ragas) are believed to
affect various "chakras" (energy centers, or "moods") in the path of the
Kundalini. However, there is little mention of these esoteric beliefs in
Bharat's Natyashastra, the first treatise laying down the fundamental
principles of drama, dance and music.
Indian classical music has one of the most complex and complete musical
systems ever developed. Like Western classical music, it divides the
octave into 12 semitones of which the 7 basic notes are Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha
Ni Sa, in order, replacing Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti Do. However, it uses the
just intonation tuning (unlike most Western classical music which uses the
equal temperament tuning system).
Indian classical music is monophonic in nature and based around a single
melody line which is played over a fixed drone. The performance is based
melodically on particular ragas and rhythmically on talas.
melodies of India and it's origin
India’s musical history
dates back to the prehistoric times and is in fact regarded as one of the
oldest in the world. Most experts claim that the origins of Indian music
dates back to the era when the Vedas were created. No matter what time and
age maybe associated with the history of Indian music, there is no doubt
that it has been and important part of the country’s rich cultural and
India’s music is based on the combination of vocal and instrumental music,
along with dance. And these three combined is what is known as sangeet.
According to the documented history of Indian music, performances were
complete with the combination of the three. This includes the musical
performances in the royal court, temples, during celebrations and festivals,
in the villages as part of their entertainment program, etc.
One of oldest music forms known as Sama was developed during the Vedic
period, which stretched from 1500 to 500 BC. The hymns that were penned by
the learned men of that age were put to tune. Ever since the history of
Indian music saw continuous evolution from the devotional folk to the
present day structural form based on the melody and rhythm, also called raga
and taal, respectively.
According to historic recordings concerning the music of India, prior to the
13th century there was primarily one type of musical form. But with the
invasion of the Mughals, the music of north and central India blended with
the Mughal influences of Arabia and Persia bringing into being Hindustani
music. On the other hand the Carnatic music of the south has remained
untouched by any kind of external influences.
Indian music has continued to evolve and develop through the eras. It
undoubtedly, forms an essential part of every Indian’s life living in this
country or overseas.