- OXALIS CORNICULATA
DESCRIPTION: creeping wood soorel also called sleeping beauty resembles the common yellow wood soreel. It is a low growing, herbaceous plant in the family oxalidaceae. It has a narrow creeping stem with nodes . The leaves have stipules at the base of each petioles.It is regarded as weed in farms, lawns. USES: The leaves of wood soreel are edible with tangy taste.A drink can be made by infusing the leaves .The entire plant is rich in vitamin-c. It can inhibit calcium absorped by the body.
- Coleus aromaticus
Coleus aromaticus Benth is commonly known as Indian/ country borage.It is a large herb with aromatic leaves USES; .The leaves of this plants are used for trearment of severe bronchitis , asthama diarrhea, epilepsy, fever. Coleus aromaticus exhibits antilithiotic ,chemoprevetive, antiepileptic, antioxidant properties.
- Artemisia Vulgaris
DESCRIPTION: Artemisia vulgaris is aspecies belonging to genus Artemisia .It is a very commo plant on nitrogenous soils, like weedy and uncultivated areas, such as waste pleces and roadsides.It is atall herbaceous perennial plant with a woody root . the erect stem often has a red – purplish tinge.It flowers from july to September.A number of species feed on the leaves and flowers. USES: Mugwort is toxic in nature . pregnant women should avoid consuming large amounts of mugwort. Mugwoprt has a number of uses in food, herbal medicine and as a smoking herb. The leaves and buds best picked used as bitter flavoring agent to season fat meat and fish.It is believed to have different medicinal properties depending on the region it is collected.It is propesed to have hallucigenic properties.
- HERBAL MEDICINE:
The mugwort plant contains ethereal oils . It was also ised as an anthelmintic . The plant is used in Ayurveda for cardiac complaints as well as feelings of unease unwellness and general malaise. Since it also causes uterine contractions , it has been used to cause abortion . It also plays a role in Asian traditional medicine as a method of correcting breech presentation.
- Acorus calamus
Description: The plant has a branched and aromatic root or rhizome from which rises itslong erect leaves. The sword-like leaves of the plant resembles those of other similar plants so much, it is difficult to recognize it simply by the appearance of its leaves. The flowers eventually give way to small berries. They are sharp pointed and have aridged midrib running their entire length. The leaves of Acorus calamus are fragrant , the smell can be a means of recognizing it . the odour is aromatic and taste pungent and bitter . the aromatic odor and pungent , bitter taste are retained the dried article. MEDICINAL USES: Acorus calamus root has medical usage. It is known as an old folk remedy for the treatment of arthritis, neuralgia, diarrhea, dyspepsia, hair loss and other disorders. Dioscorids, the smoke of Acorus calamus relieves a cough. It was used as an anesthetic for toothaches and headaches. Rhizomes are the most commonly used part.
- Acorus calamus(cont.)
In Europe , it is used for the stomach and bowel because it stimulates the salivary glands and production of stomach juices , helping to counter acidity and heartburn and dyspepsia. It also eases flatulence and relaxes the bowel. In Chinese medicine sweet flag is used to treat deafness, dizziness and epilepsy. In Ayurveda medicine calamus is an important herb .The herb is chiefly employed for digestive problems such as gas, bloating, colic, and poor digestive function. The Dakotas use calamus to treat diabetes. Also, the vapors of calamus from the roots do repel some insects. Acorus calamus extract is anti-rhemutic and analgesic, it is used in the form of powder and balms and it is very much useful in case of asthma and cough. It is slightly tonic but forms a useful adjunct to other tonics and stimulants. Extracts are used to treat intestinal cholis, anorexia , gastritis and gastric ulcers.
- bryophyllum tubiflorum
bryophyllum diagremontianum is commonly called "mother of thousands"and for good reason. As with many plants in the genera bryophyllum plantlets grow on the leaf margins readyto take rootwhere ever they fall. the succlent from madagascar dies back in areas wuth frost.
- WITHANIA SOMNIFERA
In ayurveda the fresh roots are used, in order to leech out undesireble constitutes. the berries are used as a substitute for rennet to coagulate milk in cheese making. the species somnifera means sleep making It attributes sedating properties it is also used for sexual vitality and as a adoptgen. fruits,leaves,and seeds of the indian medicinal plants witrhania somnifera used for the Ayurvedic systems as aphorodisiacs, diuretics and for treating memory loss. Applications are related to the use of the herb as a skin ointment and for promoting reproductive fertility. the product called "ashwagandha oil " is acombination of ashwaganda with almond oil and rose water designed to be used as a facial toner .
- AGAVE AMERICAN
Agave americana is an agave originally from mexico and cultivated as an ornamental plant . it has since naturelised in many regions and grows wild in europe.the plants have a large rosette of thick fleshy leaves, each ending generally in a sharp point and with a spinny margin; the stout stem ids usually short . Each rosette is ,monocarpic and grows slowly to flower onluy once.after development of fruit the original plant dies. Suckers are produced from the base of the stem it is a common that agaves are cacti. Agave species are used as food plants by the larvea of some animals. MEDICINAL USES:leaf tea or tincture taken oraLly is used to treat constipation and excess gas. It is also used as a diuretic. Root tea or tincture is taken orally to treat arthritic joints. the point at the end of the leaf, can be pulled out and used as a needle and thread. the aguamiel is also being used now as a main ingredient in an energy drink manufactured by snapple called Rain.
- Anisomeles malabarica
Cinquefoil is edible and medivinal, young shoots and leaves are edible in salad or cooked as a pot herb. tThe plant contains largev amounts of tannis making it very astrigent. A medicinal infusion made from the root is used in alternative medicine as an astrigent,antiseptic,and tonic.A medicinal used for fevers and debility. A decoction is odontalgic, used as a gargle for loose teeth and spongy gums and periodotaal disease. An infusion of the leaves makes an excellent skin cleansing lotion and is also used cosmetically as a soothing lotion. Powdered or crushed root stops bleeding. the plant is an ingredient in many anti-wrinkle cosmetic preparations for the skin .Fresh juice mixed with honey removes hoarness and relaxes sore throat, is very medicinal for coughs. A strong decoction is poured over infections,sores,rashes and as a bath additive it is soothing for irritated skin.
- Abelmoschus esculentus, Linn.
Okra or lady’s finger is an annual, erect, stout-stemmed, bristly herb, growing up to 2 meters. The leaves are angular, long stalked, and coarsely toothed. The single flowers located in the axiles of the leaves are pale yellow in colour. The fruit is an elongated pod (capsule). It is slimy when cut for cooking. It is grown in tropical and subtropical countries. Medicinal use: 1. Soothes and protect the alimentary tracts. 2. It acts as a softener of inflamed parts. 3. Prevents or cures spasms. 4. Used as a laxative. 5. Relieves flatulence and griping pains from the stomach and bowels. 6. Used in the case of pneumonia, bronchitis, urinary problems, heart diseases and tuberculosis of the lungs. Parts used: The whole plant
- Asparagus officinalis, Linn
Asparagus officinalis is a beautiful xerophytic garden plant, which is often planted in pots for ornamental use. The leaf-like cladodes are succulent and lush green. The leaves are reduced to scales and the stems are spiny in nature. The fasciculated cluster of succulent roots make a good identifying characteristic. The insignificant tiny white flowers give rise to small fruits, the size of peppercorns. These fruits, which are initially green, turn red on maturity. Medicinal use: 1. Used for promoting appetite. 2. Strengthens in giving tone to the stomach. 3. Controlling dysentery. 4. Used to control epilepsy and night blindness. 5. Used to control tuberculosis and leprosy. 6. Checking congestion of the liver. 7. Increasing the secretion of milk in lactating mothers. Parts used: Only the succulent roots.
- CENTELLA ASIATICA
The leaves are astringent, febrifuge ,sedative, tonixc and vermifue. The juice of leaves is used for removing fortid discharges and from ulcers, whilst n oil prepared with the leaf juice is applied to sinuses and scrofulous sores. Adecoction of the stems is used in the treatment of burns and scalds. USES: The dried fruit is vermifuge and is also used in the treatment of angina, colds, coughs, rhematic difficulties etc. It is used in the treatment of colds and rheumatic ailmenys. The leaves are used to repel insects in grain stores.the flowersc are astringent and are used in fever, diarrhea and liver complaints.
- VIRTEX NEGUNDO
The word nirgundi means that which protects the body from diseases. It is one of the herbs mentioned in al samhitas of Ayurveda .The plant grows in wastelands. Commonly it is cultivated as a hedge plant. The flowers are bluish purple in colour . the fruits are ovoid four seeded drupes ,black when ripe. The botanical name of nirgindi is virtex negundo and it also belongs to family verbeneceae. The leaves contains fragrant, volatile oil and resins. The plant also contains alkaloids, glycosides, flavoniods, reducing sugars, sterols, resin and tannis. Nishinaside and regunside isolated from leaves. PROPERTIES: Nigundi is pungent,bitter and astringent in taste. It alleviates vata and kapha doshas It has antipyretic, anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory properties and is used in diseases like fever, worms dermatoses, adenitis,and splenic diseases.
- cissus quadrangularis
It has a protective function and man has used several therapies for the management of pain . The plant vitis or cissus quadrangularis belongs to the family vitacea and has been used as antihelminthic, dysperia, digestive tonic scurvy irregular menstruation , fractures of bones and for complaints of thew back and spine. The methonilic extract of cissus quadrangularis promoted the healing process of experimentally fractured radius –ulna of dogs, as evidence by radiological and histopathologica; examinations
- Pogotemon cablin
Patchouli or pachouli is a species from the genus pogostemon and of the mint family . it bears small pale pink – white flowers the plant is native to tropic regions of asia and is now extensivey cultivated in Caribbean contries. MEDICINAL USES: Patchouli is used as an antinode for venomous snakebites. The plant and oil hae a number of claimed health benefits in herbal folk- lore, and its scent is used with the aim of inducing relaxation. Chinese medicine uses the herb to traet headaches colds diarrhea and abdominal pain.
- plectranthus amboinicus
it is atender fleshy perennial plant in the family lamiaceae.with an oregano-like flavor and odor. it is cultivated in the old and the new world tropics. uses:The leaves make an stuffings for meat and poultry. The leaves are used for the treatmnt of coughs,sore throatsand nasal congestion,and also for ither problemssuch as infections and flactulence.the herb is also used as a substiute for the oregano in the food trade .
- acselpias curassavica
it is a species of evergreen perennial plant i the family ascelpiadaceae. the leaves are arranged in oppositely on the stems and are lanceolate shaped ending in acuminateor acute tips. plants have a milky sap like most members of the genus. uses: the milky sap of the stems have been used to trear warts and skin parasites, and the roots are prepared in decoctions for constipation,kidney stones,asthama,and cancer.Roots are usedto reduce fevers,and intestinal troubles with children .Americans used the plant as a contraceptive and snakebite remedy. In ayurvedic herbal medicine systems the plant is considered diaphoretic, anthelmintic,purgative,and emetive.in india itbis used for stomach tumours, piles, fever and warts.
- solanum nigrum
solanum nigrum is a species in the solanum genus. it is a verycommon plant ,found in many wooded areas. the flowers have