End of the provision of
Egypt has seen a recent revival in the era of the King "Obsmatik
I", but the country suffered foreign invasion of the
Persians in 525 BC. M. Egypt has been suffering from the rule of
the Persians, until noon, "Alexander the Macedonian," who
defeated the armies of the Persians, and entered Egypt, visited
the temple of the god "Amon" in the oasis of Siwa, where
the sacrifices, the
priests giving him the title of "the son of Amon." . After the
death of "Alexander", subject to the rule of Egypt Ptolemy. And
finally (after 31 years of BC. M) subject to the rule of Roman
The city of Alexandria
Alexander established city of Alexandria, the capital of
the Greek .
but the disease returned to Babylon where he died in 323 BC. Pm,
at the age of thirty-third session, and carried his body to
Egypt and was buried in Alexandria.
The era of Ptolemy in Egypt (330 BC. M - 30 BC. M)
Ptolemy I, which was one of the most brilliant leaders of
the "Army of Alexander the Great", and then declared himself
king of Egypt in 304 BC. M after the death of "Alexander the
How to end the rule of Ptolemy in Egypt?
After the first Ptolemy, Ptolemy weakened state because
of the weakness of kings, and the multiplicity of revolutions
against the Egyptians. This led to an increase in the influence
of Rome and its interference in Egypt's internal affairs, and
concluded that the fall of the State of Ptolemy, and became the
mandate of Roman Egypt (Romanian state-owned) in 31 BC. M.
Ptolemy interested in the construction of temples, the
Egyptian-style luxury, the most important temple to worship the
Ptolemy's policy and follow the
ancient Egyptian religion to involve the full respect, and
offered sacrifices to Egyptian Gods in order to be closer to the
Egyptians. It also spread to ancient Greece the Egyptian goddess
The economic life
Agriculture: Ptolemy took great interest in economic aspects.
Industry: has been active in the era of Ptolemy,
Trade: active foreign trade, and exchange of Ptolemy shops with
mid-Africa, the Mediterranean countries, Alexandria was one of
the greatest cities in the world trade of that era.
Alexandria University (home of scientific research)
Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Library)
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Ptolemy built the Lighthouse of Alexandria, which are considered among the seven
wonders of the world, to the enormous height of about 135 meters, which was seen
as light fifty kilometres to guide ships coming to Alexandria. This lighthouse
has remained in existence until the great earthquake destroyed the year 1307.
Ptolemy also left many monuments such as Temple of Dandara in Qena and
fiala in Aswan which has been saved by UNSCO.
and Egypt has been the mandate of the Romanian until the Arab conquest of Egypt
and concluded the rule of the Romans in 641 BC. M.