Ptolemy and the religion
of the Greeks
Ptolemy was the Macedonian, however, like the rest of
the Macedonians were Greek in culture, religion and
names largely Greek,
They claimed that they are also the descendants of Greek
gods, descended from the grandfather of Hercules Ben
Sbos The grandmother of Ben Dionyssos Zeus.
The Macedonian conquest
Philip II united the Greeks and decides to fight
against the Persians:
Alexander the Great
Philip was killed in 336 by the aspiration of achieving
the Worth of Alexander the Great was the involvement of
the Greek army in an all-out war against the Persians
However, Macedonia has become a strong nation is
composed of young soldiers are tough and the latest
equipment and led by a young king and a number of
Egypt under the rule of
Extended the rule of Ptolemy of Egypt some three
centuries, since the opening of Egypt in 332 BC. M, and
Alexander was crowned himself king of the pharaohs and
the development of a basis of the city of Alexandria and
then visited the Temple of Amon in the oasis of
Siwa, who was world famous and large at the time.
After Alexander's death, the foundation for "Ptolemy" -
a commander of Alexander the rule of Ptolemy in Egypt,
which continued until the year 30 BC, Ptolemy has been a
strong state in the era of kings.
The Egyptian Civilization
under the Ptolemy:
Ptolemy built the palaces and gardens, Alexandria became
a center of civilization, where widespread fame in the
field of art and science, industry and trade were also
the first port in the Mediterranean, , Alexandria has a
great Hellenistic-Egyptian civilization .
Established by Ptolemy,
and scientists have been able to scientific
facts about the earth's rotation around the
sun and the approximate circumference of the
globe, and the university was also famous
for the study of medicine particularly
anatomy and surgery, and most scientists at
the University of Alexandria "Euclides"
the world of engineering, "Ptolemy"
Library of Alexandria and the
Ptolemy established a huge library in Alexandria was
considered the greatest library in the world contained
more than half a million papyrus rolls, and Ptolemy is
to guide each guest scientists from the city of
Alexandria, a copy of his writings, and thus the number
of library books, more than 700 thousand books ,Ptolemy has to respect the religion of the Egyptians and
made sacrifices to the Egyptian Gods, and built temples
to them, such as the Temple of Edfu and the Temple of
Dandara and Phila temple, Aswan, and the Ptolemy used
to appear in official functions, as Pharaohs.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Ptolemy built the Lighthouse of Alexandria, which are
considered among the seven wonders of the world, to the
enormous height of about 35 meters. This lighthouse has
remained in existence until the great earthquake
destroyed the year 1307 AD
Al Anfushi Monumental
Al Anfushi Monumental Tombs
dating back to the third century BC about 250 BC., it
discovered in 1901, They are among the most important
Greek monuments found in Alexandria.
The tomb lies to the south of the esplanade leading to
the Palace of Ras Al Teen and consists of five
tombs, all dating from the first half of the 3rd century
BC (about 250 BC), with the ends of the Ptolemaic age
and the beginnings of the Roman age.
Al Shatby Monumental Tomb
The cemetery at Shatby
probably dates to the period almost immediately
following the foundation of the city of Alexandria. Al
Shatbi Monumental Tomb was discovered accidentally in
1893, and it dates back to the late second century and
early third century BC. It is considered to be the
oldest Ptolemic tomb discovered in Alexandria.
Gardens and Palace
Historians due date of creation of
parks Antoniadis to Ptolemy period in
Egypt, and it is the oldest garden in the world, Palace
witnessed the preparatory meeting for the establishment
of the League of Arab States-General in 1944.
Eastern Harbor at the Heart of Alexandria
The Port of Alexandria is considered
one of the oldest ports on the Mediterranean,
visit Alexandria National Museum
visit Bibliotheca Alexandrina Museum