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Basis of Ayurvedic Philosophy-Panchamahabhoot
The basic philosophy of Ayurveda is based on the ‘panchamahabhoota’ or five elements theory. This theory states that the universe as well as the human body is made up of five elements, namely vayu (air), akash (ether), prithvi (earth), agni (fire) and jal (water).
Air is the gaseous form of matter which is mobile and dynamic. Within the body, air (oxygen) is the basis for all energy transfer reactions. It is a key element required for fire to burn. Air is existence without form
Ether is the space in which everything happens. It is the field that is simultaneously the source of all matter and the space in which it exists. Ether is only the distances which separate matter. The chief characteristic of ether is sound. Here sound represents the entire spectrum of vibration.
Earth represents the solid state of matter. It manifests stability, permanence, and rigidity. In our body, the parts such as bones, teeth, cells, and tissues are manifestations of the earth. Earth is considered a stable substance.
Fire is the power to transform solids into liquids, to gas, and back again. In
other words, it possess power to transform the state of any substance. Within
our bodies, the fire or energy binds the atoms together. It also converts food
to fat (stored energy) and muscle. Fire transforms food into energy. It creates
the impulses of nervous reactions, our feelings, and even our thought
processes. Fire is considered a form without substance.