Types of Drugs
Prescribed depressants are normally used as sleep aids, to relieve stress or suppress anxiety; however, many depressants such as rohypnol are abused. Many people abuse depressants in order to experience their dizzy, sleepy, and hypnotic effects. Normally, depressants are bright colored capsules or tablets but they can come in many different shapes and forms. Depressants are also known as "downers" because they slow down the body's reaction rate and put the body in a relaxed state. They depress the body's central nervous system and can become very dangerous if taken with other drugs or alcohol. Depressants can cause many bad side effects such as confusion, shaking, and lack of coordination. A person who abuses them most likely has slurred speech and may have trouble staying awake during work or school.
Stimulants are used to feel more energetic, hyper or strong. Stimulants are also called "uppers" because they give the human body a boost of energy. They speed up your central nervous system to make you feel awake. Stimulants are prescribed mainly for weight loss, hyperactive children, or for rare diseases such as narcolepsy. Some signs of stimulant abuse can be seen by a person's behavior; such as grinding of teeth, touching and/or picking of the face, and paranoia. Some stimulants such as cocaine don't last as long as other drugs. The period of stimulation depends on the concentration and quantity of the stimulant. Abuse of stimulants can result in tremors, agitation, hostility, panic, dizziness, abdominal cramps, and chest pains. Eventually too much abuse can lead to cardiac arrest, strokes, or even death. After using a stimulant, a user can experience a "crash". Long periods of depression and sleep, fatigue, disorientation, and anxiety.
Hallucinogens are drugs that cause you to see things that aren't really there, pseudo-hallucinations. This means that the users may know what they are seeing or feeling isn't real but it is still very real to them. Hallucinogens don't just make you see things that aren't there, they can also distort many other sensory perceptions such as hearing, smelling, tasting, and feeling. The most common type of hallucination is called synesthesia. It can also be known as "sensory crossover". In other words, a certain view of something or sight can cause the user to perceive a sound that can cause the user to perceive a smell. Hallucinogens can cause an abuser to experience a flashback and may cause him/her to try to run away from what is seen or fight it. Hallucinations at this level can even cause a person to become insane and most likely never recover. Hallucinogens usually intensify the feelings of the user. If a user is depressed, it deepens their feelings and makes them feel worse, or if a user is happy, it heightens that feeling.