(GREECE: Famous Philosopher)
LIFE: Aristotle was born at Stageira, a Greek colony on the Macedonian peninsula Chalcidice in 384 BC. His father was a physician at the court of Philip II of Macedonia. Aristotle was a Greek scientist and philosopher of the 4TH and 5TH century B.C. He was often considered to be one of the two most influential philosophers in Western thought along with Plato. In 336 BC, Aristotle opened his own school of philosophy called the 'Lyceum Academy'.
LOGIC, WORKS AND ACHIEVEMENTS: During the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates period, the works of Aristotle were read and the Islamic philosopher Averroes commented extensively on it and attempted to fuse it with Islamic theology. By the 12th century there was a great revival of interest in Aristotle in Christian Europe, and the great translator William of Moerbeke worked from both Greek and Arabic manuscripts to produce Latin translations. The aim of Aristotle's logical treatises (known collectively as the Organon) was to develop a universal method of reasoning by which it would be possible to learn everything there is to know about reality.
DEATH AND LEGACY: Aristotle died in in 322 BC. About a year before his death, Aristotle had to flee from Athens because his foes accused him of lack of reverence to god.
QUOTE: 'Man perfected by society is the best of all animals;he is the most terrible of all when he lives without law, and without justice.' -Aristotle