In 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal and closed shipping routes to Israel, and in retaliation, Israel took the Strip, but left the land due to heavy international pressure. In the decade following this, Attacks between Egypt and Israel led up to the Six Day War in June of 1967, where Israel captured the Gaza Strip. During that time, Israel occupied the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank and the Golan Heights.
During the 1980's, the Israeli government built a number of Israeli settlements to strengthen their presence within The Strip. The
Palestinians began to riot against the Israeli occupation, thus beginning violent confrontations and demonstrations between the two sides. The Palestinian uprising began in 1987, and spread quickly to the West Bank.
Gaza in the 1990’s
In September of 1993, the Israeli and the Palestine Liberation
Organization signed a piece treaty, giving Palestinians the right to self-government, and allowing the Israelis to occupy their built settlements and armed forces. Slowly, the Israelis left the Gaza Strip, and left the Palestinian Authority to resume control. By May 1994, most of Israel's armed forces had moved from the Gaza Strip.