Physically the state of Nagaland is roughly triangular in shape, having an area of 16,579kms. It is one of the North-eastern states of India, sharing an international border with the adjacent country of Myanmar on its extreme South-East. Nagaland is bounded by the states of Arunachal Pradesh on the North, Manipur on the South and Assam on the West.
Geopolitically, Nagaland is a sensitive state as China lies close to it in the north, Bangladesh on the west with Myanmar alongside, Thailand on the east where the valley of Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand merge together forming a common valley known as the ‘Golden Triangle’ which is located close on the heels of Nagaland. This valley serves as the central meeting point for these three nations with their respective smuggled goods of all kinds of merchandise.
Nagaland is a hilly mountainous state with its peaks Saramati (3840m), JapfÜ (3014m) in Kohima district, (ZanÜbou (2750m) and KÜpamedzÜ (2620m) both in Phek district. The plain area of the state is limited to Dimapur, Jalukie and the adjoining areas with Assam comprising of only 8% of the total area of the state. Kohima, the capital of Nagaland is situated at 1444m above sea level.
The rivers of Nagaland flow either into Brahmaputra in the west in Assam or into the Chindwin in the east in Myanmar.
Rivers that flow into the Brahmaputra are: The Dhansiri river, The Dzudza river, The Doyang river, The Tsurang river, The Milak river, The Dikhu, The Tiru, Safrai river and The Tizit river.
Rivers that flow into the Chindwin are: The Zungki, The Likimiro and The Lanye.