According to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Bioenergy offers wide benefits for the two billion people living in rural areas of developing countries without conventional and modern energy services. The benefits range from diversification of agricultural and forestry activities, improved food security, and also contributes to a sustainable development.
Both biodiesel and ethanol are grow-your-own fuels that can be readily produced in villages or local communities with locally available and renewable resources. Touted as a clean fuel with lower carbon emissions compared to fossil fuels, it is easy to see its appeal as an environmentally friendly fuel that requires only simple equipment that a local workshop can make and maintain to produce.
Heralded as an economy booster to alleviate poverty in developing countries and as a means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, it is also seen as extra energy security by providing an alternative to fossil fuels. The following sections shall deeper explore and detail the economic and environmental positives to be derived from the usage of biofuels.