Born in the year 100 BC, Julius Caesar is one of those men whose footprints shall remain imprinted in the sands of time forever. In 81 B.C., he began his military endeavor in a war against Mithridates, King of Pontus. The rest of his early years revolved around being captured by Cilician pirates and travelling back to Italy to serve as a criminal lawyer. When he returned to Rome in 74 B.C., he was elected 'Military tribune', following which in the year 68 B.C., he was made 'Quaestor' (treasurer) in Spain and then 'Aedile' (in charge of public works & games). But the titles dint stop there. In the year 63 B.C. he ran successfully for the post of Pontifex Maximus, chief priest of the Roman state religion. Then he went on to become the 'Praetor' (judge) in 62 B.C. and 'Propraetor' in Spain not long after.
A year forthwith, he formed the 1st Triumvirate (an unofficial Roman political alliance) with Pompey, Crassus. But with his eyes glazed over by the shadows of world domination, he decided to stand for consul, the most senior magistracy in the republic. The next few years were filled with victories as he went on to conquer the Belgae, the Veneti in a naval crusade, and invaded both Germany and Britain. During these years of rigorous battles, secretive communication proved vital for his success, which is why he invented the Caesar Cipher.
The year 53 B.C. saw the collapse of the Triumvirate and as a consequence to this, a Civil war unleashed itself between him and Pompey, leading to his victory at Pharsalus in Greece in 48 B.C. This brought about the event of him becoming the Consul for the second time. Another historic event in his life was Battle of Zela, when defeated the Ptolemy of Egypt, King Pharnaces of Pontus. He was a dictator in all senses and attracted conspirators from Brutus to Cassius, who called themselves the Liberators. He was assassinated on the Ides of March, stabbed 23 times.
- Julius Caesar - A biography in 12 parts
- The Roman Empire
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Bust-of-Caesar-q75-792x1290.jpg (Public domain)