Racism In Africa:
In October 2005, the government of Botswana forced all Bushmen out their living area of centuries. Armed police and threats of violence and death were used. The policy was introduced during the 1990's when the Botswana government had been fighting to move Bushmen from the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Whereas the national constitution, gave rights and guaranteed the Bushmen that it was their living space, when the policy was introduced. Many of the evicted Bushmen now live in unfamiliar situations; squatter camps etc. and some have turned to prostitution as way of life. These actions were condemned as racist by the United Nations Committee of racial Discrimination(UNCD) When asked to comment this is what Botswana's president Festus Mogae had to say "How can you have a Stone Age creatures continue to exist in the age of computers? "
Zimbabwe lived under institutionalized racism, very similar to that of the famous 'Apartheid' era in South Africa where there was racial segregation throughout the country. This was ruled by 'the white government of Rhodesia' they had at the time. This ensured white people in Zimbabwe tranquility throughout their lives, as they had the best houses, land and had high standards of living. This was however, did not matter much to the local white community, who were totally against the government and called their acts "racist" and a waste of money. It was in 1980, when it was decided black people have right and as majority, won rule at elections. Twenty years down the line, the new president had changed the countries name from Rhodesia to Zimbabwe. In acts of balancing wealth and reforming, he also decided in 2000, that land would be confiscated from the minority of whites- who still had most of the land- and redistributing it to poor black people. Many whites fled and only a few thousands are left out of the 240 000 that lived their. Racism reversed?
South Africa( The apartheid era):
In 1948, the Afrikaner Nationalist Party came to power with its leader, D. Malan and with them, also came a philosophized policy that would rock/haunt the lives of South African people forever - Apartheid was born. Apartheid was created as a point separating all race groups, not only whites from non whites but also non whites from each other. A large number of non whites (Bantus), also, were re-located from suburbs and forced to live in poverty, in out of city townships or ‘ghetto’s’. These ‘Locations’ were riddled with crime and their black inhabitants were not allowed to enter white areas - unless employed. Even then every black person had to carry on his person, at all times, a “pass”. Opposing parties, such as the ‘African National Congress’ (ANC) were founded during deep times of apartheid and made many attempts to end the struggle. Many marches (Toyi-toyi) and rebellious acts began and many leaders such as Nobel Prize winner Mr. Nelson Mandela were arrested. In Soweto, 1976 came the Soweto Uprising which saw the rise of thousands of high school children marching against apartheid and mainly, learning in Afrikaans – the so called language of the “oppressor”. It was in the mid 1980’s that the white government started seeing the repercussions of their flawed system. The rand (currency) had started dropping and investing countries refused to invest in SA because of Apartheid. Under pressure, the government dropped many laws relating to non-whites and finally in 1991, the president, F.W De Klerk dropped Apartheid and called for a new policy- everyone now had rights! The ANC came to power in 1994 and South Africa took a step into a brighter, diverse future… or is it? Today, racial discrimination still exists in the hearts of many people, but there is harmony. Many are still wounded, most non-whites still live in poverty, and as a result, South Africa has a high crime rate. The big question on everybody’s lips is: will it ever be forgiven? What we’re sure of is that it must never be forgotten…
Uganda( Idi Amin reign):
The Indian population settled in Uganda in times of British Colonies. Ever since its' Uganda's famous and feared Dictator and Human rights violator, Idi Amin the first signs of hate against the Indian race in the country began, with what was called ethnic cleansing of Indian minority( called 'Asian' there) in the country. In late 960's ways were made to prevent Indians in getting into any economic activity. Amin used a lot of propaganda to stereotype Indians and turn the country against them. In his stereotyping, Amin called Indians "only traders" and "inbred" to their profession. Indians were walked over treated badly and discriminated in all ways. Hate words towards them were "dukawallas" (an occupational term that degenerated into an anti-Indian slur during Amin's time). During early 70's racist policies were implemented by Uganda. Some of these policies included confiscating of all Asian and some European property in the country. In a most disappointing end, all Indian and other Asian minority were taken out the country. This was work of Amin's "de-Indianization" or ethnic cleansing.
Democratic Republic of Congo:
Only five days after independence was granted in 1960, The DRC force wiped out all nearly all white officers and other Europeans were on target. This came as a big alarm to the 100 000 white population that lived their at the time, forcing most of them to escape any capable harm.