Who used to live in India?
In ancient India the people were split up into one of five groups, called castes. Depending on which caste you were, you got special privileges. The 5th caste were known as the untouchables and below them were the slaves. Untouchables had the worst jobs like collecting rubbish or cleaning the gutters.
The most powerful caste was the Brahmans who were priests and leaders. Only males were allowed to go to school and get an education.
The next caste was the Kshatriya. They were warriors. Most of them were in the army. Women could not be warriors but they could still be Kshatriya.
Below them were the traders and farmers, the Vaishyas. There were many more of these and they owned their own business or farm.
The lowest caste (before the untouchables) was the Shudras. These were servants or farmhands who did not have their own land and had to work for other people. This type of caste was the biggest.
No-one could marry or be friends with someone from a different caste.
Who used to live in Ancient China?
In China people believed that the most important thing was the family and often many members of the family lived together, like aunts, uncles, grandparents and cousins; as well as children and parents. If the family was rich, they would also have slaves and servants. The children were always very well looked after.
Most children did not go to school because they worked on their parents' farms. Their jobs included planting rice, feeding the chickens and looking after their smaller brothers and sisters. However, rich boys did attend school and many of these boys' schools were paid for by the Emperor and built in temples. Most of their learning was to prepare them to take Government tests so they could get a good job in the Chinese Government.
Who Was Emperor Qin Huangdi?
Qin Huangdi was an ancient Chinese Emperor who died in 210 BC. He had a collection of Terracotta Warriors made to bury with him in his mausoleum, to help him rule in the afterlife. The collection consisted of over 8,000 life-size figures; these included warriors, acrobats,and horses. Each warrior had a completely different face. They were discovered in 1974 by some local farmers next to a mountain. It is thought that the construction started in 246 BC, using 700,000 workers and craftsmen and took them 38 years.