Many people in Vietnam are affected with HIV/AIDS. In the year 2002,
there was a 3% HIV prevalence rate, and a greater than 1% prevalence
rate in blood donors, patients with other STD, and women at antenatal
clinics (a clinic for pregnant women). On July 8, 2004, there were approximately 200,000 adults and children in Vietnam living
with HIV/AIDS. HIV is spreading in Vietnam very quickly. To stop the HIV rate from growing, workshops were built in Vietnam.
The goal of workshops was to create a sustainable health care infrastructures (a foundation for an organization) in resource-poor settings.
Many doctors from around the world have gathered together to start an organization that may also help decrease
the growing numbers of HIV victims in Vietnam. A women named Dr. Charles was the founder of ICEHA. ICEHA stands for
International Center for Equal Healthcare Access. The goal of ICEHA was to have doctors from around the world join together and help increase the health factors of South East Asia.
to think outside their resource-rich experience and returning back home with new ways of dealing with diverse
Dr.Charles had founded this ICEHA organization in 2001 because she understands that the
lack of training for physicians and health care workers is a challenge to provide treatment in countries that
are growing with HIV/AIDS victims, such as Vietnam.
Another way of stopping the further spread of HIV is with the help of Vietnam's National AIDS Control Program.
Vietnam has also joined together with the
U.N. b Office of Drug Control and
Crime Prevention to curb the spread of HIV.
Diseases and Treatments
The quality of public health care and the level of medical technology remained weak. Authorities
were increasingly concerned about people in Vietnam with problems such as nutritional deficiancy, mental-health,
and old-age illnesses. In the recent years, Cardiovascular diseases and cancers have increased. The most common
diseases people in Vietnam are getting are: malaria, tuberculosis, trachoma, whooping cough, measles, poliomyelitis,
chicken pox, typhoid fever, acute encephalitis, and acute meningitis. Tuberculosis is responsible for the death of
about 1% of the national population in Vietnam, or nearly 600,000 persons annually, and it still remains
a major problem. Gastroenteritis and childhood diseases such as diphtheria and whooping cough, have accounted for
the extremely high 35% mortality rate among children, but the annual death rate for the population as a hole in 1983
was 8.4 per 1000 persons, a decline from 26 per 1000 persons in 1945.
The Institute of folk Medicine in Hanoi, a leading center devoted to the study of ancient theories and practices,
utilized acupuncture and massage as an important part of its treatment programs. Vietnamese medicines have given
rise to new therapy methods such as accupuncture and herbal medicine. Many plants are grown in Vietnam that are used for drugs that are eventually shipped to
Europe and the U.S.A. Some of these traditional drugs were described as the best for cure or diseases like
curing dysentery, arthritis, gastritis, stomach ulcers, heart diseases, influenza, blood clotting, and high
Improvements Over the Years
Over the years, childhood immunizations and other interventions for polio were removed in 2000. By 2005, maternal and
neonatal tetanus was eliminated. Since 1990, the rate of catching the measles dropped by 95%. At the same time,
micronutrient deficiencies disorders were in progress. Micronutrient deficiencies cause night-blindness, and mental
retardation due to micronutrient deficiancies. In the last decade, Vietnam's HIV
epidemic have been rapidly changing course. 25% of children less than 5 years old are underweight and 40% of pregnant
women are anaemic(someone who is low in iron).