In South Africa, KwaZulu - Natal has the highest HIV prevalance, with an estimated 39.1% of the population infected.
The Western Cape has the lowest HIV prevalance, with 15.2% of the population infected with the virus.
All statistics published by UNAIDS (United Nations AIDS) & WHO (World Health Organisation) in November 2007.
Global HIV/AIDS estimates as of December 2007:
* The real figure lies in this range.
The worst affected region by the HIV epidemic is Sub-Saharan Africa, with AIDS as its leading cause for death. This is mostly due to inadequate access to HIV prevention and treatment services. Although, prevention efforts are starting to show results, as in the most part of this region, prevalence has either steadied or started showing signs of declining.
Research has shown that the global percentage of people infected with HIV is remaining constant, but the lifespan of people living with the virus has been on the increase. There has even been a reduction in prevalance of this disease in some countries. Also, the global number of new HIV infections has been reduced.
Research has also shown that having unprotected sex with many irregular partners significantly increases a persons chances of becoming infected with HIV. Even when having protected sex (ie: using a condom) with many non-regular partners, people have a extremely high chance of being infected with the HI virus.
This table shows the percentage of people (who require antiretrovirals) that receive antretrovirals in each of the regions listed.
Graph showing the percentage of people receiving anti-retrovirals (who require them) in each of the regions listed.
Graph taken from UNAIDS/WHO 2007 AIDS EPIDEMIC UPDATE
As you can see by this graph, the prevalence of HIV in adults in Sub-Saharan Africa has started to decline.
* Global total of people living with HIV/AIDS: 33 200 000 (33.2 Million)
World Map - Microsoft® Encarta® 2007. © 1993-2006 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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