Chicago, with its rich history, attracts many people of different cultures. Many events have influenced the great history of Chicago. The most important of these include the discovery of Chicago, how technology improved, and how the population grew over a short period of time. A tribe of Native Americans lived in the area that is now Chicago, before the white people came in the 1600s called the river Checagou, which is from where the name of the city derives (Chicago background 1).
Louis Jolliet, a Canadian explorer and the French born Jesuit Jacques Marquette were the first Europeans to discover the Chicago area in the year 1673. (Chicago History, 1) The first settlement point DuSable was founded by Jean Baptist in 1781. Chicago’s population grew rapidly. Thefore, in the year of 1833, Chicago was officially integrated as a town. Four years later Chicago was incorporated as a city with population of 4,170 (Chicago History 2). By 1870 the popultion grew to 300,000 (3) .
During the alcohol prohibition years, people had illegal beverages which were run by gangsters. One example of a big gangster was Al Capone. Gang wars raged, and murder rates were high. The city has never quite escaped the reputation it acquired during these years (Chicago background 1).
By the 19th Century land prices rose dramatically due to construction of higher buildings. The Chicago area is the country’s largest transportation center where 25 million tons of goods pass through each year (2.) By the 19th Century the economy grew and many more people became attracted to the city of Chicago.