Glossary and References!
Beats: The basic time unit in a piece of music
Chromatic Scale: Scale of all 12 tones in an octave (every key on the piano)
Counterpoint: A style of composition in which 2 or more melodies are combined in a harmonically pleasing way
Diatonic Scale: Scale of 7 tones for optimum consonance in the octave
Dissonance: A musical chord which clashes (not always pleasing to the ear)
Dodecaphony: A.K.A 12-tone technique. Technique which ensures all 12 notes of a chromatic scale is sounded to prevent emphasis on any one.
Enharmonic: Notes written differently but that sounds the same in a scale
Equal Temperament: A system of tuning in which every pair of adjacent notes has an identical frequency ratio
Half step: A musical interval = 1/12 of an octave
Key: Identifies the type of scale which will be used in the piece
Measure: A bar of written music
Musical Temperament: A system of tuning
Octave: an interval of 8 full tones between one note and its closest equivalent, halves the frequency of a note if finding octave above or doubles frequency if finding octave below
Perfect Fifth: The most stable interval of an octave
Perfect Fourth: A musical interval which spans 4 diatonic scales
Phrasing: way a composition creates tension and how it resolves such tension using musical statements, smaller statements can be brought together to make bigger ones
Pitch Class: A set of all pitches a whole octave apart
Poly rhythms: Use of different meters among simultaneous musical lines
Rhythm: Variation in the length and sound of notes
Semitone: The tone of a half step
Staff: The horizontal lines where music is written
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