In Iraq and the United States, there are governments that have been set up. Iraq has set up its government more recently than the United States. Iraq’s new constitution was finalized on October 15, 2005, while the United States constitution was agreed upon in the 1700s. Both countries’ governments are set up based on their constitutions. The Iraq government was formed with aid from the U.S. Below you will find some more information on the differences and similarities between the government of Iraq and the government of the United States.
United States of America
The United States has a federal republic government, where its government is based on its constitution. The federal government of the U.S. has three branches or groups. These are the Executive branch, the Legislative branch, and the Judicial branch. The Executive branch consists of the President and his/her cabinet. The President appoints the cabinet members. Together they oversee agencies and departments of the U.S. government. The Legislative branch is the Congress. Congress is divided into two groups: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each member of Congress is elected by his or her state. The Senate has two members from each of the 50 states, while the number of members of the House of Representatives is determined by each of the states’ populations. If one state has a bigger population than another, then that state is allowed to have more people elected to the House of Representatives. Last but not least, the Judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court and all lower federal courts. The Judicial branch ensures that the laws passed by Congress and the Constitution are followed correctly.
In January of 2005, Iraqis elected their own 275-member government called the Transitional National Assembly. That government was to replace the U.S.-installed interim government. By October of the same year, a government was formed and the Iraqi constitution was finalized. In December, the citizens of Iraq voted for a permanent for a four-year National Assembly. Iraq’s government is a parliamentary democracy. A parliamentary democracy is a government system in which the legislators in parliament select the government leaders. They choose the prime minister and other members of their government. Their government can be dissolved or thrown away to get a new one at any time by the legislators or, as they call it, the Council of Representatives.