Natural disasters in Azerbaijan
Another country affected by natural disasters is Azerbaijan. Once again, this country is also mostly affected by earthquakes. There have been previous accounts of earthquakes. One of these is the Baku earthquake that occurred on Saturday, November 25,2000. It measured 7 on the Richter scale in the epicentre with 6,3 in Baku, and followed by a quake measuring 5,9, at 22:10 (18:10 GMT) and 22:13 local time correspondently. It was the strongest for almost 160 years, since 1842 in the Baku suburbs and except capital affected Sumgayit, Shamakhi and neighboring cities. According to the United States Geological Survey, the epicentre was in the Caspian Sea, 25 km to the south south-east of Baku. The earthquake was felt as far away as e.g. Tbilisi, 600 km north west of the epicentre, Makhachkala (up to magnitude 4) and the Karabudakh and Isberbas settlements in Dagestan (up to 5). It is assumed that the earthquake was called by the active tectonic motions on the border of two biggest structures of the earth crust-Turansk plate and Kopedag-Caucasian folded plate motion area. The earthquake zone gravitates towards Apsheron-Chelekensk deep crust break. Another is the Baku earthquake. The 1842 Baku earthquake is assumed to be the strongest earthquake ever to affect the Baku area. The epicenter was located in the suburbs of Baku - Mashtaga and Nardaran.
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