used for Dog Sledding
The Malamute’s ancestors are the dogs of the Mahlemut tribe in Alaska. These dogs were like family to their humans, working, hunting, and living with them. The incredible bond that formed between the Mahlemut and their dogs caused them to be able to survive in the dangerous lands above the Arctic Circle. During the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 the Malamute and other sled dogs became extremely valuable to the settlers and miners, and were often crossbred with dogs from other parts of the world. This was usually to improve the type, or to make up for how few true Malamutes were being sold, but this seems to have had no long-term effect on today’s Malamute. Studies show that Malamutes are one of the oldest breeds of dog, and genetically different from other dog breeds. The Malamute dog has had a rich history, helping Admiral Richard Byrd to the South Pole, and the miners who came to Alaska during the Gold Rush of 1896. This dog was never supposed to be a racing sled dog, but it was used for pulling hundreds to thousands of pounds of supplies to villages and camps in groups of at least 4 dogs for heavy loads.
The usual breed standard calls for a natural range of size, with a good pulling weight of 75 to 85 pounds and a height of 23 to 25 inches. Heavier dogs of more than 100 pounds and dogs smaller than 75 pounds are common and there is often a marked size difference between males and females. Weights of 140 pounds or more are sometimes seen, but these dogs are not common and are produced primarily by breeders who market a giant malamute. These huge sizes are not typical of the breed's history or show standards. The coat of this dog is a dense double northern dog coat. The colors are various shades of grey and white, black and white, red and white, or pure white. Eyes are almond-shaped and are always brown and blue eyes show a mixed breed and will disqualify the dog in shows. The physical build of the Malamute is compact with heavy bones.
In this context 'compact' means that their height to length ratio is slightly longer than tall, unlike dogs like Great Danes which are longer and lankier in their ratios.
According to the American Kennel Club , the primary criterion for judging the Malamute in a show is its function to pull heavy freight as a sled dog; everything else is secondary. As many an owner has found out, the pulling power of a Malamute is tremendous.
The malamute has a plume like tail that is well furred and hangs just over the back like a "plume". This is the written standard written in the breed book. Corkscrew tails can now be seen but is not the breed description . A corkscrew tail is what you would see in the Akita. The malamutes' tails, well-furred, aid in keeping them warm when they curl up in the snow . They wrap the tail around their nose and face which helps protect them against harsh weather like blowing snow.
Siberian Huskies share many outward similarities with the Alaskan Malimute as well as many other Spitz breeds such as the Samoyed, which has a comparable history to the Huskies. Siberians have a thicker, softer coat than most other breeds of dog. They come in a variety of colors and fur patterns, usually with white paws and legs, facial markings, and tail tip. The most common colors are black, grey, copper-red and, and pure white, though many individuals have blond, or piebald spotted. Striking masks, spectacles, and other facial markings occur in wide variety. They tend to have a wolf-like look. Though the breed is not related to the wolf any closer than any other breed of dog, it is thought they maintained this appearance through isolated breeding throughout Siberia.
As a working breed, Siberian Huskies are a high-energy canine requiring lots of exercise. They have served as guard dogs, companions, and sled dogs. Over time, this combination of factors has lent the Siberian Husky a strong sense of gentleness and devotion. The Inuit tribes who used this breed for utilitarian and survival needs trained them to pull heavy sledges for great distances over frozen tundra, drawing umiaks, and securing game by assisting in hunting. A 2000 study of dog bites resulting in human fatalities by the US Centers and Disease Control and Prevention found fifteen such fatalities (6% of the total) were caused by "husky-type" dogs (excluding Alaskan Malamutes ) between 1979 and 1997.
The Alaskan Husky is not so much a breed of a dog as it is a type or a category. It is just short of being a breed. It is defined only by its purpose, which is a highly efficient sled dog. That said, dog drivers usually distinguish between Alaskan Husky and “hound crosses”. There are differences within the breed, such as freighting dogs, sprint Alaskans and distance Alaskans. Most Alaskan Huskies have pointed ears, meaning they are classified as a spitz-type dog.
The Alaskan is the sled dog of choice to be used for the world-class sled dog racing sprint competition. None of the purebred northern breeds can match its need for sheer racing speed. Demanding speed-racing competitions such as Fairbanks, Alaska Open North American Championship and the Anchorage Fur Revenues are mostly won by teams with any type of Alaskan husky, mixed or purebred Alaskans just need to use their racing speed. Winning speeds are usually about 19 miles per hour. Also they run about 20 to 30 miles each day.