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The Vietnam War
The Vietnam war started in 1959 to 1975. Vietnam is a country in south Asia . Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam formed a colony which was called French Indochina. The French colonized Vietnam for it's rubber and rice, while the French grew were there the locals were growing poor while the French grew rich. After world war 2, a Vietnamese man named Ho Chi Minh gathered their Vietnamese army to rebel against the French rule. To win Ho Chi Minh said to revert to communism in order to beat the French.
America was worried that if the French lost the war Vietnam would a communist country the rest of south Asia would be communist countries, that theory was made by American politicians which was called the domino theory. So America gave money to the French so they could win. But that didn't matter the Viet men won.
The French signed the Geneva accords which divided Vietnam into Communist north Vietnam and Anti-communist south Vietnam. For north Vietnam to get supplies they took a road called the Ho Chi Minh trail. America was still helping out South Vietnam with money and advisors. When America decided to help France they were at war with China and the Soviet Union, that war was called the cold war.
Then on August 2, 1965 Vietnamese boats fired torpedoes at a American boat patrolling the gulf of Tonkin. Then President Lincoln Johnson got congress to pass the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, That said that the U.S. could use military force in Vietnam. The military force was only limited to bombing but by the end of 1965 there was 189,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam. And by the end of 1968 there was 500,000 U.S. in Vietnam. Everyone thought it was an easy war for America to win, because there machines were more advance had a good navy and air force .Vietcong fought guerrilla warfare. They hid in deep tunnels, ambushed them from there hiding spots in the jungle, and American troops were never trained to fight in dense jungles. People were confused on how many troops died in a small country. So President Johnson stop sending troops to Vietnam he also refused to run for another term. Then Richard Nixon became president in 1969, he promised to end the war with honor, but he didn't and the U.S. bailed out of Vietnam. Then Vietnam took over South Vietnam in 1975 and became a communist country. All in all 1.2 million Vietnamese and U.S. troops died.