The US-led invasion on Iraq began on 20 March 2003, supported mainly by British troops and also other smaller contingents. The United Nations coalition troops were also involved in this war effort, mainly due to the maintenance of order and protection of UN staffs. The invasion was based on Iraq's alleged possession and active development of the weapons of mass destruction. A US invasion became inevitable as it was seen as a threat to the United States as well as the world's security. However, as the war dragged on, it was clear that the US had other intentions towards the war. Iraqi nuclear development programme had been halted in an agreement in 1991 and coalition forces found no evidence of nuclear development. It was quickly pointed out that Iraqi oil reserves and an attempt to establish a democratic government had been the prize the US were eyeing for. Following the September 11 attacks, the US had declared a war upon terrorism, and one of the objectives of the war is to set up "a central front on the war on terror", according the President George Bush. It was again disputable on how the invasion of Iraq was a connection to the fight against terrorism.
The war was marred by controversies, being that the objective of the war remains unclear, and the abundant human rights abuses committed against Iraqi civilians. The toppling of Saddam Hussein and the Baath Party was followed by the establishment of a new US-supported government; however, the situation in Iraq remains an uncertainty as insurgencies continued the threat of violence. The ongoing Iraqi civil war between Sunni and Shi'a factions is a vivid depiction of instability in Iraq. The war damaged public opinions on US global policies, with the Iraq war having a negative portrayal, or even regarded as some as a US miscalculation. However, it has to be noted that pluralities within India (the Hindu Civilization), feels that the deposing of Saddam Hussein had made the world a safer place than before.
The Saddam Hussein regime was highlighted by his authoritarian rule and a strong control over the Baath party. Saddam's rule can also be seen as a period whereby Shi'a minorities and Kurdish uprisings are cruelly oppressed. These parties possess conflicting beliefs, and sought to overthrow Saddam's government, a cultural trait highlighted in the section above. There is a willingness to resort to violence in order to preserve one's set of "right" ideology over the other. The US-led invasion was initially targeted at investigating Iraq's possession of weapons of mass destruction, but later on, it seemed that the US are exploiting the instability in Iraq to establish a democratic government as well as tapping on Iraqi's oil reserves. The desire to set up a democratic government in place of Saddam's, was partly influenced by the belief in individualism. It can also be seen as an attempt by the West to contain an external threat, or to preserve self interests.