Since ancient times, Confucianism has been the predominant culture and way of life that most Chinese subscribe to. Korea, as China's close neighbor, was also influenced heavily by Confucianism. However, during the World War era, both countries experienced a virtual disappearance of Confucianism as a result of communist ideologies. Nevertheless, the post-Mao era in China as well as the 1990s in Korea witnessed a Confucian revival on a large scale indeed, especially in China. As Marxism was also a strong influence during the 1960s, it waged a "cultural battle" against Confucianism, not to eradicate it, but to incorporate it into their system. Predictably, Confucianists then rejected Marxism wholly and sought to transform the state and contest over the people's national identity (Guo, 2004). This led to a cultural conflict between both beliefs and it was so severe that it was threatening to destabilize China as we know it (Guo, 2004). Hitherto, what we can conclude about Confucianism in East Asia is that its sphere of influence has indeed been minimized but it still remains a prominent part of the people's lives in more subtle ways.