Solutions to natural causes
Natural disasters can strike anytime, anywhere. We often do not see them coming or cannot prepare for them. Natural disasters can cause a string of problems that will lead to malnutrition. It can block up roads, erode top soil, wash away crops. All these will prevent food from getting to people's stomach's. In so many incidents around the world, natural disasters have left thousands starving for this reason we must prepare for them in advance.
Proper infrastructure is possibly the best solution for combating natural disasters because it allows communities globally and locally to be better equipped for the renewal processes after disaster has struck. Developed countries through international aid organizations should provide to developing countries specific infrastructure support in the form of money, builders and architects who are experienced in creating infrastructure able to better withstand potential natural disasters.
Active response programs, are programs which allow a group of people to react quickly to a disaster. Different countries have different names for their active response programs, but all are essentially similar. They aim to provide support in the event of a natural disaster.
- Globally: On a global level, in the event of a natural disaster, since developing nations would be the most affected it would be beneficial to have global response programs. There have been numerous global response teams. In 2006 following the boxing day tsunami, there was a massive response from countries all over the region. THe United States which had a fleet in the area were able to immediately send out aid in the form of food and medical aid. Without an active program, it is likely that it would have taken a much longer period of time to react appropriately.
- Nationally: On a national level there needs to be appropriate response plans. It is a national government's responsibility to help its citizens. An example of a national response program can be seen in Australia. Despite a 10 year drought many farmers were able to continue through the hard times. Aid in the form of monetary payment plan allowed farmers to survive.
- Locally: While natural disasters usually affect a large area, sometimes they may be localised such as a flash flood. Communities should put up plans to counter this. In australia during 2007 there was flooding in the northern part of Australia. However through local planning and government help they were able to overcome them.
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2. "Natural Disasters", (2008), Globaleducation.edna.edu.au, http://www.globaleducation.edna.edu.au/globaled/go/pid/308
3. "Dealing with natural hazards in Mozambique: the case of the 2000 floods", (n.d.), Food and Agricultural Organization, http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/ae079e/ae079e05.htm